The Almuslih Library

 

Subject Catalogue

A note on the library collection   . ملاحظة حول مجموعة المكتبة

قائمة الكتب باللغة العربية

 

Introduction

Collected overviews

On the methodology of contemporary research on Islamic origins

The Late Antique Cultural Milieu

History & Cultural Context

Religion

Pre-Islamic Arabia

The Political, Anthropological and Economic Environment

Arab paganism

The Nabataeans

Pre-Islamic Arab monotheism

Arab Judaism

Arab Christianity

The Constituents of the Qur’ān

Overviews

Mythological / Pagan elements

Zoroastrian elements

Manichaean elements

Judaic elements

Christian elements

Judeo-Christian Apocalypticism, Eschatology and Messianism

The 'Jewish-Christianity' theory

Research on the Text of the Qur’ān

Chronological re-orderings of the Sūras

Literary analysis of the Qur’ān text

Philology as an exegetical tool

Arabic linguistics

Foreign vocabulary in the Qur’ān

Some key terms and passages

The debate on Syriac linguistic influence

The Qur’ānic Vorlage thesis

The Early History of Islam

Studies on early Islam

Early non-Muslim historical sources

Early Christian apologetics

Muslim Historiography

Sīra texts

Sīra historiography

Studies on the life of Muhammad

Early historical writing

Source texts

Studies on Muslim historiography on early Islam

Hadīth and Early Fiqh

Archaeology, Epigraphy, Numismatics and Topography

المصادر العربية وكتب الاستشراق التي ترجمت إلى العربية

 


Introduction

Back to main index

Collected overviews

McAuliffe, J(ed): Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān: Volume One (A-D); Volume Two (E-I); Volume Three (J-O); Volume Four (P-Sh); Volume Five (Si-Z); Volume Six (Index Volume). Brill, Leiden, Boston, Köln, 2001-2006

McAuliffe, J (ed): The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’ān Cambridge University Press 2007.

Nickel, G and Rippin, A: The Qur’ān (Chapter 10 of The Islamic World, Routledge, London 2008).

Rippin, A (ed): The Blackwell Companion to the Qur’ān Blackwell Publishing, 2006.

On the methodology of contemporary research on Islamic origins

Badawi, E el-: البحث عن سياق القرآن التاريخي – نبذة عن الدراسات القرآنية الحديثة (‘In search of the historical context of the Qur’ān – a sample of modern Qur’ānic studies’). Al-Mashriq al-Raqamiyya, Vol 5, December 2014.

Berg, H (ed): Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins. Islamic History and Civilisation. Studies and Texts, Volume 49, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2003.

Berg, H, The Needle in the Haystack: Islamic Origins and the Nature of the Early Sources. In Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.271-302.

Charfi, A:  الاسلام بين الرسالة والتاريخ (‘Islam between the Message and the History’), 2nd ed., Dār al-Ṭalīʽa, Beirut, 2008.

Cuypers, M: L’analyse rhetorique face á la critique historique de J. Wansbrough et de G. Lüling, in Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.343-370.

Djait, H: تاريخية الدعوة المحمدية (‘The Historicity of Muhammad’s Call’), On the Prophet’s Sīra – 2 - Dār al-Ṭalīʽa, Beirut, 1999.

Donner, F: The historian, the believer, and the Qur’ān, in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp. 25-37.

Donner, F: The Qur’an in recent scholarship: challeges and desiderata in Reynolds, G (ed): The Qur’ān in its Historical Context, Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2008. Pages 29-50.

Donner, F: The Study of Islam’s Origins since W. Montgomery Watt’s Publications Lecture, University of Edinburgh, 2015.

Gilliot, C: Le débat contemporain sur l’islam des origines (‘Contemporary debate on Early Islam’) 2012 G. 3. 139. From Thiérry Bianquis, Pierre Guichard, Matthieu Tillier (sous la direction de), Les Débuts du monde musulman. De Muhammad aux dynasties autonomes, Paris, PUF (Nouvelle Clio), 2012, chap. XXIV, 355-371.

Hughes, A: The Formative Period of Islam and the Documentary Approach: A Prolegomenon in A Legacy of Learning: Essays in Honor of Jacob Neusner, Brill, 2014, pp.372-385.

Humphreys, R: Islamic History, A Framework for Inquiry, Chapter Two: The Sources – An Analytical Survey, Princeton University Press, 1991.

Jablawi, A al-: الإسلام المبكر ، الاستشراق الأنجلوسكسوني الجديد , باتريسيا كرون ومايكل كوك نموذجا (‘Early Islam – New Anglo-Saxon Orientalism  - Patricia Crone and Michael Cook as an example’).  Al-Kamel Verlag, Köln, 2008.

Kiltz, D: Schatten über den Anfängen ? Wie viel sagen frühislamische Quellen über das aus, was wirklich war? in: Schneiders, Thorsten Gerald ( Hrsg.), Islamverherrlichung. Wenn die Kritik zum Tabu wird. VS Verlag, Wiesbaden 2010.

Motzki, H: Alternative Accounts of the Qur’ān’s Formation, June 2006.

Motzki, H: The Collection of the Qur’ān: A Reconsideration of Western Views in Light of Recent Methodological Developments, in Der Islam 78 (2001), 1-34.

Nickel, G: Mingana's ‘Transmission of the Kur'an’ after 100 years in The Character of Christian-Muslim Encounter, Essays in Honour of David Thomas, Brill, 2015.

Ohlig, K: Neue Forschungsergebnisse zu den Anfängen des Islam: Eine Einführung. Inārah, Symposium on the Early History of Islam and the Qur’ān, II. http://inarah.de/sammelbaende-und-artikel/inarah-band-5/vor-und-fruehgeschichte-des-islam/

Ohlig, K: Wer hat den Koran geschrieben? Ein Versuch, Imprimatur, Jg. 47, 2014, Heft 4+5.

Ohlig, K: Wie der Koran wirklich enstand Publik-Forum 21, 2005 ,p62-63.

Ohlig, K: Zur Entstehung und Frühgeschichte des Islam: Die religionswissenschaftliche Frage nach den Anfängen Lecture, Erfurt 2007

Reynolds, G: The Crisis of Qur’ānic Studies in The Qur'an and its Biblical Subtext. London: Routledge, 2010

Rippin, A - Western scholarship and the Qur’ān in McAuliffe, J (ed): The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’ān Cambridge University Press 2007, pages 235-251.

Robinson, C: Crone and the End of Orientalism

Robinson, C: Reconstructing Early Islam: Truth and Consequences, in Berg, H (ed): Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins. Islamic History and Civilisation. Studies and Texts, Volume 49, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2003, pp101-134.

Segovia, C: Los orígenes del Corán, Del simulacro al laberinto. Revista de Libros, Febrero 2016.

Segovia, C: J. Wansbrough and the Problem of Islamic Origins in Recent Scholarship: A Farewell to the Traditional Account. From Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012.

Sinai, N: Fortschreibung und Auslegung, Studien zur frühen Koraninterpretation, Harrassowitz Verlagen, Wiesbaden 2009.

Sinai, N: Gottes Wort und menschliche Deutung: Überlegungen zum Verhältnis von islamischer Schriftauslegung und historischer Kritik, in: Deutung des Wortes – Deutung der Welt im Gespräch zwischen Islam und Christentum, edited by Andreas Feldtkeller and Notger Slenczka, Leipzig 2015, pp. 151–171.

Steenbrink, K: New Orientalist Suggestions on the Origins of Islam The Journal of Rotterdam Islamic and Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2010

Wansbrough, J: Quranic Studies – Sources and Methods of Scriptural Interpretation. Prometheus Books, New York,2004.

Wansbrough, J: Res Ipsa Loquitur: History and Mimesis in Berg, H (ed): Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins. Islamic History and Civilisation. Studies and Texts, Volume 49, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2003, pp.3-20.

Zadeh, T: Quranic Studies and the Literary Turn Review of Ernst, C: How to read the Qur’ān: A New Guide, with Select Translations, Chapel Hill, 2011.

 

The Late Antique Cultural Milieu

The historical, cultural and religious context for the development of early Islam

Back to main index

History & Cultural Context

Daryaee, T: Sasanian Persia, The Rise and Fall of an Empire, I.B Tauris, 2009.

Donner, F: The Historical Context, in McAuliffe, J (ed): The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’ān (Part I - Formation of the qur’anic text), Cambridge University Press 2007, pp. 23-40.

Funke, P: Die syrisch-mesopotamische Staatenwelt in vorislamischer Zeit, Zu den arabischen Macht- und Staatenbildungen an der Peripherie der antiken Großmächte im Hellenismus und in der römischen Kaiserzeit, From Funck, B (Ed): Hellenismus. Beiträge zur Erforschung von Akkulturation und politischer Ordnung in den Staaten des hellenistischen Zeitalters, Tübingen 1996, S. 217-238

Litvinsky, B (ed): History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume III: The crossroads of civilizations: A.D. 250 to 750. Chapters 2-3 (Sasanian Iran), Chapters 17-18 (Religions and Religious Movements), Chapter 19 (The Arab Conquest) UNESCO Multiple History Series, 1996.

Neuwirth, A: Qur’an and History – A disputed relationship Journal of Qur’anic Studies.

Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010.

Pirenne, H: Mohammed and Charlemagne. London 1939. Original French text: Mahomet et Charlemagne, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 1992 (1e Edition, Bruxelles, 1937).

Retsö, J: The Road to Yarmuk: The Arabs and the Fall of the Roman Power in the Middle East in Aspects of Late Antiquity and Early Byzantium, Swedish Research institute in Istanbul Transactions, Vol.4. June 1992.

Reynolds, G (ed): The Qur’ān in its Historical Context London, Routledge 2008.

Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011.

Robinson, C (ed): The New Cambridge History of Islam – Vol 1 - Formation of the Islamic World Sixth to Eleventh Centuries, Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Rousseau, P (ed): A Companion to Late Antiquity, Blackwell Publications, 2009.

Shoemaker, S: Muhammad and the Qur’ān in The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity. Chapter 33.

Tannous, J: Syria between Byzantium and Islam: Making Incommensurables Speak. Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, 2010.

Whittow, M: The late Roman / early Byzantine Near East in Robinson, C (ed): The New Cambridge History of Islam – Vol 1 - Formation of the Islamic World Sixth to Eleventh Centuries, Cambridge University Press, 2011, pages 72-97.

Wiesehöfer, J: The late Sasanian Near East in Robinson, C (ed): The New Cambridge History of Islam – Vol 1 - Formation of the Islamic World Sixth to Eleventh Centuries, Cambridge University Press, 2011, pages 98-152.

Religion

Brown, P: The Rise and Function of the Holy Man in Late Antiquity, The Journal of Roman Studies, Volume 61 (1971), 80-101.

Engles, D: Historising Religion between Spiritual Continuity and Friendly Takeover. Salvation History and Religious Competition during the First Millenium AD, in: D. Engels / P. Van Nuffelen (eds.), Religion and Competition in Antiquity, Bruxelles 2014,, 237-284 (Section on Islam pp.264-ff).

Hoyland, R: Early Islam as a Late Antique Religion, from Johnson, J (ed): The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity, Section: Religions and Religious Identity, Chapter 32, Oxford University Press, 2012.

Newby, G: The Rise of Islam, Time, and the End of Anxiety: Apocalypse and Apocalypticism in the East Mediterranean at the Beginnings of Islam. Monograph.

Stroumsa, G: From Abraham's religion to the Abrahamic religions, Historia Religionum, 3, 2011, pp.11-22.

Stroumsa, G: The Making of the Abrahamic Religions in Late Antiquity, Oxford Studies in the Abrahamic Religions, Oxford Universtiy Press 2015.

Tesei, T: Some Cosmological Notions from Late Antiquity in Q 18:60–65: The Quran in Light of Its Cultural Context. Journal of the American Oriental Society 135,1 (2015) 19-32.

 

Pre-Islamic Arabia

The Arabian context for the development of early Islam

Back to main index

Neuwirth, A: Locating the Qur’an in the Epistemic Space of Late Antiquity Ankara Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 54:2 (2013), ss.189-203.

The Political, Anthropological and Economic Environment

Aladieh, S: Meccan Trade Prior to the Rise of Islam, Doctoral Thesis, University of Durham, 1991.

Bonner, M: Commerce and Migration in Arabia before Islam: a Brief History of a Long Literary Tradition. From Iranian Languages and Culture, Chapter 5, 65-89.

Christides, V: The Himyarite-Ethiopian war and the Ethiopian occupation of South Arabia in the acts of Gregentius (ca. 530 A.D.). Annales d'Ethiopie, Année 1972 Volume 9 Numéro 1, pp. 115-146.

Crone, P: Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam Gorgias Press 20014.

Crone, P:  تجارة مكة وظهور الاسلام (Arabic tr. of Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam ) Al-Mashrūʽ al-Qawmī lil-Tarjama, 2005.

Crone, P: How did the Quranic Pagans Make a Living? Bulletin of SOAS, 68, 3 (2005), 387-399.

Crone, P: Quraysh and the Roman army: Making sense of Meccan leather trade, Bulletin of SOAS, 70, 1 (2007), 63–88

Donner, F: The Role of Nomads in the Near East in Late Antiquity (400 – 800 c.e.) in Clover, F; Humphreys, R (eds): Tradition and Innovation in Late Antiquity. University of Wisconsin Press 1989.

Eickelman, D: Musaylimah: An Anthropological Appraisal, MA thesis, 1967.

Finster, B - Arabia in Late Antiquity: An Outline of the Cultural Situation in the Peninsula at the Time of Muhammad in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 61-114.

Fisher, G: Arabia and the Late Antique East: Current Research, New Problems.

Fisher, G: Kingdoms or Dynasties? Arabs, History, and Identity Before Islam. Journal of Late Antiquity 4.2 (Fall): 245–267, 2011.

Ghabin, A: Some Jāhilī origins of the ḥisba, JSAI 35 (2008).

Hoyland, R: Arabian Peninsula / pre-Islamic Arabia, Encyclopaedia of Islam III.

Korotayev, A; Klimenko, V; Proussakov, D: Origins of Islam: Political-Anthropological and Environmental Context. Acta Orientalia Academiae Sceintarum Hung. Vol. A2 (3-4), 243-276 (1999).

Lecker, M: Pre Islamic Arabia in Robinson, C (ed): The New Cambridge History of Islam – Vol 1 - Formation of the Islamic World Sixth to Eleventh Centuries, Cambridge University Press, 2011, pages 153-170.

Macdonald, M (et al.): Arabs and Empires before the Sixth Century, in Fisher, G (ed): Arabs and Empires before Islam, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015, pp.11-89.

Macdonald, M: Was there a "Bedouinization of Arabia"?, Der Islam 2015; 92(1): 42–84.

Retsö, J: In the Shade of Himyar and Sasan. The Political History of Pre-Islamic Arabia According to the Ayyaam al-'arab-Literature. Arabia 2 (2004) pp. 111-118.

Rodinson, M: Mahomet, Éditions du Seuil, May 1994.

Rodinson, M: Mohammed (English tr.by A. Carter) Penguin Books, 1985.

Schiettecatte, J: À la veille de l’islam: effondrement ou transformation du monde antique ? In Ch. Robin & J. Schiettecatte (éd.), Les préludes de l’islam. Ruptures et continuités des civilisations du Proche-Orient, de l’Afrique orientale, de l’Arabie et de l’Inde à la veille de l’Islam (Orient et Méditerranée, 11), Paris, De Boccard, p. 9-36.

Shahid, I: Byzantium and the Arabs in the Fifth Century, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library, Washington, D.C. 1989, p.528ff.

Shahid, I: روما والعرب, مقدمة في دراسة العلاقات بين بيزنطة والعرب (‘Rome and the Arabs – an Introduction to the Relations between Byzantium and the Arabs’) Tr.by Q. M Suwaydān. Dār Kīwān, Damascus.

Tor, D: The Long Shadow of Pre-Islamic Iranian Rulership: Antagonism or Assimilation? in Late Antiquity: Eastern Perspectives, ed. A. Silverstein and T. Bernheimer. E.J.W. Gibb Memorial Series, Oxford: Oxbow, 2012, pp. 145-163.

Toral-Niehoff, I: Late Antique Iran and the Arabs: The Case of al-Hira, in Journal of Persianate Studies 6 (2013) 115-126’

Wood, P: Christianity and the Arabs in the sixth century in G. Fisher and J. Djikstra (eds.), Inside and Out: Interactions Between Rome and the Peoples on the Arabian and Egyptian Frontiers in Late Antiquity (Peeters, 2014).

Back to main index

Arab paganism

Crone, P:  The Religion of the Quranic Pagans; God and the Lesser Deities Arabica 57 (2010) 151-200.

Hawting, G: The Idea of Idolatry and the Emergence of Islam: From Polemic to History Cambridge, University Press, 1999

Hoyland, R: Arabia and the Arabs, from the Bronze Age to the coming of Islam, Routledge, London, New York, 2001.

Hussein, T: في الأدب الجاهلي (‘On pre-Islamic Literature’) 3rd Ed. Faruq, Cairo, 1933.

Hussein, T:  في الشعر الجاهلي (‘On pre-Islamic Poetry’) Dar al-Nadwa.

Kalbi, Hisham Ibn al-: The Book of Idols (online source)

Kalbi, Hisham Ibn al-:  كتاب الأصنام (Arabic text) Ed. A. Basha, Dar al-Kutub, Cairo 1995.

Karmali, A, al-: اديان العرب و خرافاتهم (‘The Religions and Myths of the Arabs’), Al-Mu’assasat al-‘Arabiyya lil-Dirāsāt wal-Nashr, Beirut 2005.

Lecker, M: Was Arabian Idol Worship Declining on the Eve of Islam?, Lecture delivered at Yad Ben Zvi in Jerusalem,1999.

Macdonald, M: Goddesses, dancing girls or cheerleaders? Perceptions of the divine and the female form in the rock art of pre-Islamic North Arabia,  Orient & Méditerranée, No.7. 2012.

Pavlovitch, P: On the Problem of the Pre-Islamic Lord of the Kaʽba. Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies 2 (1998/99), pp.49-74.

Rubin, U: The Ka‘ba. Aspects of its Ritual Functions and Position in pre-Islamic and Early Islamic Times, J.S.A.I., 8, 1986 .

Seidensticker, T - Sources for the History of Pre-Islamic Religion in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 293-322.

Sinai, N: Religious poetry fom the Quranic milieu: Umayya b. Abī l-Salṭ on the fate of the Thamūd. Bulletin of SOAS 74,3 (2011), 397-416.

Webb, P: Creating Arab Origins: Muslim Constructions of al-Jāhiliyya and Arab History, Doctoral thesis, SOAS, London 2014.

Wellhausen, J: Reste arabischen Heidentums, Berlin 1897.

The Nabataeans

Alpass, P: The Religious Life of Nabataea, Doctoral thesis, Durham University, 2011.

Peterson, S: The Cult of Dushara and the Roman Annexation of Nabataea, Doctoral Thesis, McMaster University August 2006.

Politis, K: Nabataean Cultural Continuity into the Byzantine Period. From Politis, K (ed): The World of the Nabataeans : volume 2 of the International Conference The World of the Herods and the Nabataeans held at the British Museum, 17 - 19 April 2001, Stuttgart 2007, pp.187-200.

Wenning, R: The Nabataeans in History. From Politis, K (ed): The World of the Nabataeans : volume 2 of the International Conference The World of the Herods and the Nabataeans held at the British Museum, 17 - 19 April 2001, Stuttgart 2007, pp. 25-44.

Back to main index

Pre-Islamic Arab monotheism

Gayda, I: Monothéisme en Arabie du Sud préislamique, Chroniques yéménites, 10, 2002 (online source)

Kister, M: Labbayka, Allahumma Labbayka …, On a monotheistic aspect of a Jahiliyya practice, Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 2, 33–57.

Rubin, U: Hanifiyya and Ka‘ba. An inquiry into the Arabian pre-Islamic background of din Ibrahim, in: JSAI 13 (1990): 85-112.

Sayuti, N: The concept of Allah has the highest God in pre-Islamic Arabia (The study of pre-Islamic Arabic religious poetry), MA thesis, 1999.

Arab Judaism

Dozy, Reinhart: Die Israeliten zu Mekka von David’s Zeit bis ins fünfte Jahrhundert unserer Zeitrechnung. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 1864

Hoyland, R: The Jews of the Hijaz in the Qur’ān and in their inscriptions in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.91-116.

Margoliouth, D:  The Relations between Arabs and Israelites Prior to the Rise of Islam The Schweich Lectures, British Academy, Oxford University Press, 1924.

Tobi, Y : The Jews of Yemen in light of the excavation of the Jewish synagogue in Qanī’, Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 43 (2013): 1–8

Arab Christianity

Borge, K:  A Historical Survey of the Rise and Spread of Christianity in Arabia in the First Six Centuries AD Academic Paper, April 2011.

Fisher, G: From Mavia to al-Mundhir: Arab Christians and Arab Tribes in the Late Antique Near East.

Jeffery, A:  Christianity in South Arabia Anglican Theological Review, Vol XXVII, No. 3, July 1945, pp.193-216.

Havenith, A: Les Arabes chrétiens nomades au temps de Mohammed, Louvain-la-Neuve, Centre d'Histoire des Religions (Collection Cerfaux-Lefort, 7), 1988.

Hellyer, P:  Nestorian Christianity in the Pre-Islamic UAE and Southeastern Arabia Journal of Social Affairs, Volume 18, Number 72, Winter 2001.

Hoyland, R: Late Roman Provincia Arabia, Monophysite Monks and Arab Tribes: a Problem of Centre and Periphery. Semitica et Classica, International Journal of Oriental and Mediterranean Studies, Vol. 2, pp.117-139.

Lauth, R: Beith Allah. (That the Kaʽaba was built upon ruins of a Church) From Lauth, R: Abraham und die Kinder seines Bundes mit Gott, München 2003.

Lourié, B: Friday Veneration in the Sixth- and Seventh-Century Christianity and the Christian Legends on Conversion of Nağrān. From Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.131-230.

Nöldeke, Theodor, Hatte Muḥammad christliche Lehrer?, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 12 (1858): 699-708.

Osman, G: Pre-Islamic Arab Converts to Christianity in Mecca and Medina: An Investigation into the Arabic Sources The Muslim world, Volume 95, January 2005, 66-80.

Segovia, C: Abraha's Christological Formula *Rḥmnn w-Msḥ-hw* and Its Relevance for the Study of Islam's Origins, Oriens Christianus, 98 (2015), pp.52-63.

Toral-Niehoff, I - The ʿIbād of al-Ḥīra: An Arab Christian Community in Late Antique Iraq in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 323-348.

 

The Constituents of the Qur’ān

The religious doctrinal context for the development of early Islam

Back to main index

Overviews

Bell, R: Introduction to the Qur’an. Edinburgh: University Press, 1953   (online source)

Brown, R: Who was Allah before Islam? (On the Jewish/Christian origins of the term). From Toward Respectful Understanding and Witness among Muslims, Essays in Honor of J Dudley Woodbury, William Carey Library, 2012: 147-178.

Cook, D: The Beginnings of Islam as an Apocalyptic Movement, Journal of Millennial Studies Volume, no. 1 (2001).

Denkha, A: L’Eschatologie Musulmane Revue des Sciences religieuses, 87/2 (2013), 201-217.

Dye, G: La théologie de la substitution du point de vue de l'islam, in Judaïsme, christianisme, islam. Le judaïsme entre "théologie de la substitution" et "théologie de la falsification", Bruxelles, Didier Devillez Editeur, 2010, pp. 85-103.

Firestone, R: Abraham and Authenticity (The Concept of the Abrahamic Religions) Oxford University Press, 1991.

Gilliot, C : ‘Informants’ of Muhammad, in EQ (The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān), II, Leyde, Brill, 2002, p. 512-518.

Gilliot, C: Le Coran avant le Coran. Quelques réflexions sur le syncrétisme religieux en Arabie centrale, in Azaiez (Mehdi) (sous la direction de), avec la collaboration de Sabrina Mervin, Le Coran. Nouvelles approches, Paris, CNRS Editions, 2013, p. 145-187

Gilliot, C : Le Coran production de l’antiquité tardive ou Mahomet interprète dans le “lectionnaire arabe” de La Mecque (‘The Koran, a production of Late Antiquity or Mohammed as interpreter and exegete in the ‘Arabic lectionary’ of Mecca’). REMMM, 129 (2011) Hommage à Alfred-Louis de Prémare.

Gilliot, C : Les ‘informateurs’ juifs et chrétiens de Muḥammad. Reprise d’un problème traité par Aloys Sprenger et Theodor Nöldeke (‘The Jewish and Christian informants of Muḥammad. Re-examination of an issue dealt with by Aloys Sprenger et Theodor Nöldeke’), 1998. (NB Large file: 89 MB).

Gilliot, C: Zur Herkunft der Gewährsmänner des Propheten (‘On the Origin of the informants of the Prophet’). From Hans-Heinz Ohlig und Gerd-Rüdiger Puin (hrsg. von), Die dunklen Anfänge. Neue Forschungen zur Entstehung und frühen Geschichte des Islam, Berlin, Verlag Hans Schiler, 2005, p. 148-169

Gonzalez-Ferrin, E: La Angustia de Abraham - Origenes Culturales del Islam, Almuzara 2013.

Hienz, J: The Origins of Muslims Prayer: Sixth and Seventh Century Religious Influences on the Salāt Ritual, MA Thesis. August 2008.

Hirschfeld, H: New Researches into the Composition and Exegesis of the Qur’an. London 1902.

Jeffery, A: The Qur’an as Scripture, Parts I-IV, The Muslim World, Volume 40 (1950), pp. 41-55; Volume 41 (1950), pp. 106-134; Volume 42 (1950), pp. 185-206; Volume 42 (1950), pp. 257-275.

Nöldeke, T:  History of the Qur’an from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.8, Brill 2013.

Nöldeke, T:  تاريخ القرآن (Arabic tr. of History of the Qur’an) Dār Nashr George Alms, Zurich, New York, 2000.

Nöldeke, T: The Qur’an: An Introductory Essay Ed. N. Newman, Interdisciplinary Biblical Research Institute, 1992.

Robbins, K; Newby, R: A Prolegomenon to the Relation of the Qur’ān and the Bible from Reeves, J (ed): Bible and Quran: Essays in Scriptural intertextuality, p23.

Sinai, N: Die heilige Schrift des Islams: Die wichtigsten Fakten zum Koran, Freiburg: Herder, 2012.

Smith, H:  The Bible and Islam or the influence of the Old and New Testaments on the religion of Muhammad. The Ely Lectures for 1897. New York: Arno Press, 1973.

Suermann, H - Early Islam in the Light of Christian and Jewish Sources in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 135-148.

Tesei, T: Hell Fire and Paradise Water: Qur’an’s Views of the Underworld in Light of its Late Antique Context Lecture paper given at the University of Utrecht 2012.

Tesei, T: The Quran(s) in Context(s) Lecture for the Polonsky Academy for Advanced Studies at the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute.

Tesei, T: The Qur’ānic Netherworld in Light of Some Eschatological and Cosmological Concepts from Late Antiquity Lecture paper given at the International Symposium “Locating Hell in Islamic Traditions”, Utrecht University, 2012.

Tisdall, St.Clair, W: The Sources of Islam. Reprinted in Colin Turner (ed.), The Koran: Critical Concepts in Islamic Studies: Translation and Exegesis (4 vols. London: Routledge Curzon, 2004).

Webb, P: Muḥammad’s ascension to the Heavenly Spheres: ‘Utopian Travel’: Fact and Fiction in making Utopias. Middle Eastern Literatures, 2012.

Weil, G: Historisch-kritische Einleitung in den Qur’ān, 2nd Ed. Bielefeld and Leipzig, 1878.

Weil, G: Mohammed der Prophet, Sein Leben und seine Lehre, Stuttgart 1843.

Back to main index

Mythological / Pagan elements

Gobillot, G: Die „Legenden der Alten“ im Qur’ān, Die Erzählung von den Schläfern in der Höhle und der Alexander-Roman anhand von Sure 18, Inarah.

Hughes, A : The stranger at the sea: Mythopoesis in the Qur’ân and early tafsîr. Studies in Religion / Sciences Religieuses 32/3 (2003): 261-279.

Sfar, M: Le Coran, la Bible et l'Orient ancien, Paris : Mondher SFAR, 2e édition, 1998.

Stewart, G: The mysterious letters and other formal features of the Qur’ān in light of Greek and Babylonian oracular texts in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.323-348.

Tisdall, T: The Original Sources of the Qur’an Its Origin in Pagan Religions and Mythology, 1905.

van Bladel, K: The Alexander Legend in the Qur’ān 18:83-102 in The Qur’ān in its Historical Context. Edited by Reynolds, Gabriel Said. Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2007. Pages 175-203.

Zwemer, S: The Influence of Animism on Islam, An Account of Popular Superstitions, Macmillan, New York, 1920.

Zoroastrian elements

Courtieu, G: Le bonheur auprès d'Allah ou de Khosroes? Le faste du banquet perse dans les versets paradisiaques du Coran.

Tesei, T: The barzakh and the Intermediate State of the Dead in the Qur’ān From Locating Hell in Islamic Traditions, Part 1 Quranic Netherworlds, Chapter 2. Utrecht 2012.

Manichaean elements

Reeves, J: Manichaeans as Ahl al-Kitab: A Study in Manichaean Scripturalism, in Armin Lange, et al., eds., Light Against Darkness: Dualism in Ancient Mediterranean Religion and the Contemporary World (Goettingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2011), 249-265.

Stroumsa, G; Stroumsa, S: Aspects of Anti-Manichaean Polemics in Late Antiquity and Under Early Islam, HTR 81:1 (1988), pp.37-58.

Stroumsa, G: Seal of the Prophets: the Nature of a Manichaean Metaphor in Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 7 (1986), pp.61-74.

Back to main index

Judaic elements

Ahmed, W: Lot’s daughters in the Qur’ān: an investigation through the lens of intertextuality in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.411-424.

Albairak, I – Qur’anic Narrative and Israiliyyat in Western Scholarship and in Classical Exegesis Thesis, Universtiy of Leeds, May 2000.

Beck, D: Maccabees Not Mecca: The Biblical Subtext of Sūrat al-Fīl (Q 105).

Crone, P - The Book of Watchers in the Qur’ān From Ben-Shammai, H; Shaked, Sh; Stroumsa, S: Exchange and Transmission Across Cultural Boundaries, Philosophy, Mysticism and Science in the Mediterranean World. The Israel Academy of sciences and humanities, Jerusalem 2013.

Cuypers, M : La sourate 81, « L’obscurcissement », et le chapitre 10 du Testament de Moïse.

Firestone, R: Abraham's Association with the Meccan Sanctuary and the Pilgrimage in the Pre Islamic and Early Islamic Periods. Le Museon Revue d'Etudes Orientales, 1991 p.104.

Firestone, R: Is there a notion of “divine election” in the Qur’ān? in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.393-410.

Firestone, R: Journeys in Holy Lands: The Evolution of the Abraham Ishmael Legends in Islamic Exegesis. SUNY Press, 1990.

Firestone, R: Ritual Similarities and Differences between Judaism and Islam, Rituals, Similarities, Influences and Processess of Differentiation, Two Religions of the Law, 701- 711.

Firestone, R: The Qur'an and the Bible: Some Modern Studies of Their Relationship in John C. Reeves, ed., Bible and Qur'an: Essays in Scriptural Intertextuality. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2003, 1-22

Geiger, A: Judaism and Islām Bangalore 1896 (English tr. by F. Young of Was hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume aufgenommen? Wiesbaden 1833.

Haase, F: Comparison of the Hebrew Writings and Bible (Genesis 37-42) with Quranic Sura Yusuf as Example for Cultural Adaption, (A Study of a Cross-Cultural Differentiation Process of Textual and Oral Traditions for Religious Writings Under the Historical Conditions of Middle East Societies) in Journal of Religious Culture, No. 105 (2008).

Hoyland, R: Sebeos, the Jews and the Rise of Islam Harwood Academic Publishers, 1995.

Livni-Kafri, O: The Muslim Traditions ‘In Praise of Jerusalem’ (Faḍā’il al-Quds): Diversity and Complexity in Annali 58 (1998), pp.165-192.

Neuwirth, A: A ‘Religious Transformation in late Antiquity’ - From Tribal Genealogy to Divine Covenant: Qurʾānic Refigurations of Pagan-Arab Ideals Based on Biblical Models This is a draft translation of Neuwirth, A:  Eine ‘religiöse Mutation der Spätantike’: Von Tribaler Genealogie zum Gottesbund. Koranische Refigurationen pagan-arabischer Ideale nach biblischen Modellen from Renger, A-B; Toral-Nielhoff, I (eds): Genealogie und Migratoinsmythen im antiken MIttelmeerraum und auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, Berlin Studies of the Ancient World, 29.

Neuwirth, A - Qurʾanic Readings of the Psalms in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 733-778.

Neuwirth, A: Qur’anic Studies and Historical-Critical Philology: The Qur’an’s Staging, Penetrating, and Eclipsing of Biblical Tradition. Lecture paper, International Qur’anic Studies Association Conference, November 2014.

Pregill, M: Isra’iliyyat, Myth, and Pseudepigraphy: Wahb b. Munabbih and the Early Islamic Versions of the Fall of Adam and Eve. Jerusalem studies in Arabic and Islam, 34 (2008).

Reed, A: Fallen Angels and the Afterlives of Enochic Traditions in Early Islam. Paper prepared for precirculation at Fourth Nangeroni Meeting, Milan, Italy, 15-19 June 2015

Reeves, J:  Con-‘text’-ualizing Bible in/and/with Qur’an, Mizan Project.

Reeves, J: Resurgent Myth: On the Vitality of the Watchers Traditions in the Near East in Late Antiquity, in Harkins, A; Bautch, K; Endres, J (eds): The Fallen Angels Traditions: Second Temple Developments and Reception History, CBQMS 53; Washington, D.C.: The Catholic Biblical Association of America, 2014), 94-115. (‘Early Muslim Use of the Watcher Myth’ on p.13ff of the online publication).

Reeves, J: Some Explorations of the Intertwining of Bible and Qur’ān, in Bible and Qurān: Essays in Scriptural Intertextuality (ed. John C. Reeves; Leiden and Atlanta: Brill/Society of Biblical Literature, 2003), 43-60.

Reeves, J: Some Parascriptural Dimensions of the ‘Tale Of Hārūt And Mārūt’. Journal of the American Oriental Society 135 (2015): 817-842.

Reeves, J: The Eschatological Reappearance of the Staff of Moses, Trajectories in Near Eastern Apocalyptic, 2005 (updated).

Reeves, J: The Muslim Appropriation of a Biblical Text: The Messianic Dimensions of Isaiah 21:6-7, in Kenneth G. Holum and Hayim Lapin, (eds.), Shaping the Middle East: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in an Age of Transition 400-800 C.E. (Bethesda, Md.: University Press of Maryland, 2011), 211-222.Reynolds, G - Reading the Qurʾan as Homily: The Case of Sarah’s Laughter in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 585-592.

Rubin, U: ‘Become you apes, repelled!’ (Quran 7:166): The transformation of the Israelites into apes and its biblical and midrashic background. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 78, 1 (2015), 25–40

Rubin, U: Islamic Retellings of Biblical History. From Y. Tzvi Langermann and Josef Stern (eds.), Adaptations and Innovations: Studies on the Interaction between Jewish and Islamic Thought and Literature from the Early Middle Ages to the Late Twentieth Century, Dedicated to Professor Joel L. Kraemer (Paris, 2007), 299-313.

Rubin, U: Moses and the Holy Valley Ṭuwan: On the biblical and midrashic background of a qurʾānic scene. Journal of Near Eastern Studies 73 no. 1 (2014), 73-81.

Rubin, U: Muḥammad the exorcist: aspects of Islamic-Jewish polemics. JSAI 30 (2005).

Rubin, U: The life of Muḥammad and the Qur’ān: the case of Muḥammad’s hijra. JSAI 28 (2003) (on the biblical and midrashic background to Muhammad’s shelter in the cave [Q 9:40]).

Rubin, U: Traditions in Transformation. The Ark of the Covenant and the Golden Calf in Biblical and Islamic Historiography. Oriens 36 (2001), 196-214.

Schapiro, I: Die Haggadischen Elemente im Erzählenden Teil des Korans. Fock: Leipzig, 1907.

Silverstein, A : On the original meaning of the Qur’ānic term ‘al-Shaytān al-Rajīm’,  Journal of the American Oriental Society, January 2013

Speyer, H: Die biblischen Erzählungen im Qoran Darmstadt, 1961.

Sucz, S: Ursprung und Wiedergabe der biblischen Eigennamen im Qur’ān Kauffmann, Frankfurt, 1903.

Torrey, C: The Jewish Foundation of Islam Jewish Institute of Religion Press, New York, 1933.

Weil, G: Biblical Legends of the Mussulmans, Compiled from Arabic Sources, and Compared with Jewish Traditions, London 1846.

Back to main index

Christian elements

Ahrens, K: Christliches im Qoran I ZDMG vol. 84 (1930).

Ahrens, K: Christliches im Qoran III ZDMG vol. 84 (1930).

Anthony, S: Muḥammad, Menaḥem, and the Paraclete: New Light on Ibn Isḥāq’s (d. 150/767) Arabic Version of John 15:23-16:1, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 2016.

Baumstark, A: Eine altarabische Evangelienübersetzung aus dem Christlich-Palästinensischen, (‘An old Arabic translation of the Gospel from Christian Palestinian’), Zeitschrift für Semitistik und verwandte Gebiete / hrsg. im Auftr. der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft. Leipzig : Brockhaus, 1922 – 1935, pp.201-209.

Beaufort, J: Arianer und Aliden, Über die gnostischen Ursprünge des Christentums und der Shi'at 'Ali. Zeitensprünge Jg. 21, Heft 1, April 2009.

Block, C: Competing Christian Narratives on the Qur’an. Adaptation from Block, J: The Qur'an in Christian-Muslim Dialogue: Historical and Modern Interpretations, ed. Ian Richard Netton, Islamic Culture and Civilization (London: Routledge, 2013).

Bowman, J: Holy Scriptures, Lectionaries and the Qur’an, in International Congress for the Study of the Qur’an, Australian National University, Canberra, 8-13 May 1980. Edited by Johns, Anthony Hearle. Canberra: Australian National University, , Canberra, ANU, 1983 second ed., pp.29-37.

Bowman, J: The Debt of Islam to Monophysite Syrian Christianity. In Essays in Honour of G.W. Thatcher, Sydney University Press, 1967.

Bell, R:  Christian Influences in Early Islam The Gunning Lectures, Edinburgh University, 1925.

Bell, R: The Origin of Islam in its Christian Environment London: Macmillan, 1926. (online source)

Dye, G:  Nuove prospettive sulla mariologia coranica University of Siena, 2014.

El-Badawi, E: Condemnation in the Qur’ān and the Syriac Gospel of Matthew in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.449-466.

El-Badawi, E: Divine Kingdom in Syriac Matthew and the Qur’ān Journal of Eastern Christian Studies, 61 (1-2), 1-42, 2009.

Griffith, S: Christian Lore in the Arabic Qur’ān: The ‘Companions of the Cave’ in Sūrat al-Kahf and in Syriac Christian Tradition in The Qur’ān in its Historical Context. Edited by Reynolds, Gabriel Said. Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2007. Pages 109-137.

Haddad, Y. D al- :  القرآن والكتاب - 1 - بيئة القرآن الكتابية (‘The Qur’an and the Book – 1 - The Clerical Milieu of the Qur’an’). Qur’ānic Studies (2), Muhammedanism.org. Septeember 2010.

Hariri, A-M al-: قص ونبي - بحث في نشأة الإسلام (‘Priest and Prophet’ – A Study on the Origin of Islam’). 1979.

Janiszewski, T: Paradise in the Qur’an and Ephrem the Syrian in Reynolds, G: The Bible and the Qur’ān, 2014.

Klausnitzer, W : Das Jesusbild des Koran www.theologie.uni-wuerzburg.de

Marx, M - Glimpses of a Mariology in the Qurʾan: From Hagiography to Theology via Religious-Political Debate in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 533-564.

Mourad, S: Mary in the Qur’ān: a reexamination of her presentation in Reynolds, G (ed): The Qur’ān in its Historical Context, Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2008. Pages 163-174.

Neuenkirchen, P: Visions et Ascensions. Deux péricopes coraniques à la lumière d'un apocryphe chrétien, Journal Asiatique 302/2, pp. 303-347.

Neuwirth, A: Mary and Jesus - Counterbalancing the Biblical Patriarchs - A re-reading of sūrat Maryam in sūrat Āl ‘Imrān (Q 3:1-62) Parole de l’Orient 30 (2005) 231-260.

Reynolds, G: On the Presentation of Christianity in the Qurʾān and the Many Aspects of Qur’anic Rhetoric. Al-Bayān – Journal of Qurʾān and Ḥadīth Studies 12 (2014) 42-54.

Reynolds, G: On the Qur'anic Accusation of Scriptural Falsification (taḥrīf) and Christian Anti-Jewish Polemic. Journal of the American Oriental Society 130.2 (2010).

Reynolds, G: The Qur’ān and the apostles of Jesus. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, May 2013, pp.1­-19.

Samir, S.K: The Theological Christian Influence on the Qur’ān: A Reflection in The Qur’ān in its Historical Context. Edited by Reynolds, Gabriel Said. Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2007. Pages 141-162.

Segovia, C: The Jews and Christians of Pre-Islamic Yemen (Himyar) and the Elusive Matrix of the Qur’ān’s Christology. From Jewish Christianity and Islamic Origins, ed. Francisco del Río Sanchez

Shoemaker, S: Christmas in the Qur’ān: the Qur’ānic Account of Jesus's Nativity and Palestinian Local Tradition. Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, 2003.

Slade, D: Arabia Haeresium Ferax (Arabia Bearer of Heresies): Schismatic Christianity’s Potential Influence on Muhammad and the Qur’an in American Theological Inquiry, January 15, 2014, Vol. 7, No.1, pp.43-53.

Stroumsa, G: Christian Memories and Visions of Jerusalem in Jewish and Islamic Context , in Grabar, O; Zeev Kedar, B (eds): Where Heaven and Earth Meet: Jerusalem’s Holy Esplanade, Universtiy of Texas Press (2009) 321-333.

Toral-Niehoff, I: Eine poetische Gestaltung des Sündenfalls: Das Mythos in dem vorislamisch-arabischen Schöpfungsgedicht von ‘Adī b. Zaid (‘A Poetic Composition of the Fall: Myth in the pre-Islamic Arab Creation Poem of ‘Adī b. Zaid’) in: D. Hartwig, W. Homolka, M J. Marx, A. Neuwirth (eds.) : “Im Vollen Licht der Geschichte“ - Die Wissenschaft des Judentums und der Beginn einer historisch-kritischen Koranforschung, Würzburg 2008, 235-256.

Van Reeth, J: Who is the ‘other’ Paraclete? in Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.423-452.

Witztum, J: Joseph among the Ishmaelites: Q 12 in light of Syriac sources in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.425-448.

Wolfson, H: An Unknown Splinter Group of Nestorians, Revue des Études Augustiniennes 6:3 (1960): 249-253.

Wortley, J: Prayer and the Desert Fathers (on the precedent for ‘praying without ceasing’ and for the ‘chanting’ out loud of the text). From Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.109-130.

Back to main index

Judeo-Christian Apocalypticism, Eschatology and Messianism

Arjomand, S: Origins and Development of Apocalypticism and Messianism in Early Islam, Lecture paper for the Congress of the International Committee of the Historical Sciences, Oslo 2000.

Cameron, A : Late Antique Apocalyptic: a Context for the Qur’an? From Hagit Amirav, Emmanouela Grypeou and Guy G. Stroumsa, eds., Visions of the End: Apocalypticism and Eschatology in the Abrahamic Religions, 6th-8th Centuries, Leuven, 2015

Casey, D : Mohammad the Eschatological Prophet in Religious Conflict from Early Christianity to Early Islam (Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte 121) Wendy Mayer and Bronwen Neil, eds. (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2013).

Donner, F: La Question du Messianisme dans l’Islam Primitif. From Mahdisme et millénarisme en Islam. Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée, 91-94, July 2000, pp. 17-28.

Greisiger, L: Ein nubischer Erlöser-König: Kūš in syrischen Apokalypsen des 7. Jahrhunderts. In Sophia G. Vashalomidze, Lutz Greisiger (eds.): Der christliche Orient und seine Umwelt. Gesammelte Studien zu Ehren Jürgen Tubachs anläßlich seines 60. Geburtstages (Studies in Oriental Religions 56). Wiesbaden, 2007.

Livne-Kafri, O: Jerusalem in Early Islam: The Eschatological Aspect, in Arabica, Vol.53, Fasc. 3 (July 2006), p.382-403.

Livne-Kafri, O: On Apocalyptic Features in Some Palestinian Apocalyptic Traditions in Uluslararası Sosyal Araştirmalar Dergisi (The Journal of International Social Research), Vol 1/5, Fall 2008.

Reeves, J: Introductory Essay: Trajectories in Near Eastern Apocalyptic: A Postrabbinic Jewish Apocalypse Reader, 2005.

Reeves, J: Jewish Apocalyptic Lore in Early Islam: Reconsidering the Figure of Ka‘b al-Aḥbār, in John Ashton, ed., Revealed Wisdom: Studies in Apocalyptic in Honour of Christopher Rowland (Leiden: Brill, 2014), 200-216.

Reeves, J: Sefer Zerubbabel, in Trajectories in Near Eastern Apocalyptic: A Postrabbinic Jewish Apocalypse Reader, Atlanta: Society of Biblical literature; Leyden: Brill 2005, pp50-66.

Segovia, C: A Messianic Controversy Behind the Making of Muḥammad as the Last Prophet? Paper presented to the 1st Early Islamic Studies Seminar Nangeroni Meeting, "Early Islam: The Sectarian Milieu of Late Antiquity?"

Segovia, C:  En torno a Mahoma como Mesías: Una nueva mirada a las raíces cristianas del Islam (‘Muhammad and the Messiah Son of Man: a new look at the Christian roots of Islam’). Erebea: Revista de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales, 5, 2015.

Segovia, C: Noah as Eschatological Mediator Transposed: From 2 Enoch 71-72 to the Christological Echoes of 1 Enoch 106.3 in the Qur'ān. Henoch, 33.1: 130–45.

Segovia, C: Thematic and Structural Affinities between 1 Enoch and the Qur’ān: A Contribution to the Study of the Judaeo-Christian Apocalyptic Setting of the Early Islamic Faith. From Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.231-267.

Segovia, C: Those on the Right” and “Those on the Left”: Rereading Qur’ān 56, 1-56 (and the Founding Myth of Islam) in Light of Apocalypse of Abraham 21–2.  Paper presented at the symposium "La religion de l'autre. Lectures de l'altérité religieuse dans le judaisme, le christianisme et l'islam, de l'Antiquité tardive à nos jours – Apocalyptique et figures du mal," Université Libre de Bruxelles.

Shoemaker, S: ‘The Reign of God Has Come’: Eschatology and Empire in Late Antiquity and Early Islam, Arabica, Volume 61, Issue 5, 2014, pages 514 – 558.

Shoemaker, S: The Tiburtine Sibyl, the Last Emperor, and the Early Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition in Burke, T; Landau, B (eds): New Testament Apocrypha: More Noncanonical Scriptures, J.K. Elliott, August 2016. (pp.243-244 indicate influence on emergent Islam).

Sinai, N: The Eschatological Kerygma of the Early Qur’an. Forthcoming in Apocalypticism and Eschatology in the Abrahamic Religions (6th–8th cent. C.E.), edited by Hagit Amirav, Emmanouela Grypeou, and Guy Stroumsa, Leuven: Peeters (uncorrected author's typescript)

Tesei, T: Apocalyptic Prophecies in the Qur’ān and in Seventh Century Extra Biblical Literature

Tesei, T: The Prophecy of Ḏū-l-Qarnayn (Q 18 :83-102) and the Origins of the Qur’ānic Corpus, Van Leer Jerusalem Institute

The 'Jewish-Christianity' theory

Crone, P: Islam, Judeo-Christianity and Byzantine Iconoclasm, Part III of From Kavād to al-Ghazālī, Religion, Law and Political Thought in the Near East, c.600-c.1100. Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 2. Jerusalem 1980. Ashgate Variorum.

Del Rio Sanchez, F: ‘Jewish-Christianity’ and Islamic Origins. The transformation of a peripheral religious movement, ASMEA Conference Paper, October 2015.

Dye, G: Jewish Christianity, the Qur’ān, and Early Islam: some methodological caveats, ASMEA Conference Paper, October 2015.

Gallez, E: The Genealogy of Islam (schematic plan).

Gilliot, C: Le Coran, Muhammad et le Judéo-Christianisme. (Section B of Deux études sur le Coran, a review article of G Lüling: Über den Ur-Qur’ān, Ansätze zur Rekonstruktion vorislamischer christlicher Strophenlieder im Qur’ān, Erlangen, H. Lüling 1974). Arabica, Tome XXX, Fascicule 1, 1983. See pp.16-37.

Gobillot, G: Des textes Pseudo Clemantins á la mystique Juive des premiers siècles et du Sinaï á Ma’rib, Quelques coïncidences entre context culturel et localisation géographique dans le Coran in Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.3-90.

Griffith, S: Al-Naṣārā in the Qur’ān: a hermeneutical reflection in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.301-322.

Hawting, G: “Has God sent a mortal as a messenger?” (Q 17:95): messengers and angels in the Qur’ān in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.372-390.

Mimouni, S: Du Verus propheta chrétien (ébionite?) au Sceau des prophètes musulman, ASMEA Conference paper, Washington, 2015.

Pines, Sh: The Jewish Christians of the Early Centuries of Christianity According to a New Source. Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Vol. II, No. 13

Segovia, C: El Judeocristianismo: Una Nueva Hipótesis; Seguido de un Resumen de la Demostración 17 de Afraates (Sobre la Divinidad de Cristo).

Stroumsa, G: Jewish Christianity and Islamic Origins From Islamic Cultures, Islamic Contexts, Essays in Honor of Professor Patricia Crone, Brill, Leiden, 2015.

Zellentin, H: The Qur'an's Legal Culture, The Didascalia Apostolorum as a Point of Departure. (Introduction – The Veil in the DIdascalia and the Qur’ān). Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2013.

 

Research on the Text of the Qur’ān

Extra-Islamic influence and its reflection in the fabric of the Text

Back to main index

McAuliffe, J (ed): The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’ān Cambridge University Press 2007.

Segovia, C; Lourié, B (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, Gorgias Press, 2012.

Chronological re-orderings of the Sūras

Aldeeb, S:  القرآن الكريم بالتسلسل التاريخي للنزول وفقا للأزهر Along with indications of variant readings, abrogated verses, Judaic and Christian sources, and linguistic problems. Centre de droit arabe et musulman, 2012.

Frolov, D : Medieval Muslim Discussions about the Order of Suras and Their Relevance for the Study of the Composition of the Qur’an, in Vestnik Moscovskogo Universiteta, Series 13 ‘Oriental Studies’, 2001, No.1, pp.29-40.

Reynolds, G: Le problème de la chronologie du Coran, Arabica 58 (2011) 477-502

Shakir, M: Chronological Qur’ān, The Meaning in English. Arranged in reverse chronological order. The most recent Sūra (chapter) at the beginning, to assist with the study of Abrogation. Sola Virtus.

Stefanidis, E: The Qur’ān Made Linear: A Study of the Geschichte des Qorāns’ Chronological Reordering (Examining the work by Nöldeke, T:  History of the Qur’an ). Journal of Qur’anic Studies, Vol. X, Issue II (2008).

Literary analysis of the Qur’ān text

Abdeljalil, M-A: بضع ملاحظات على أسلوب الالتفات في القرآن (‘Some observations on the style of exclamatory apostrophe in the Qur’ān’)

Abdeljalil, M-A :  دور محمد في تأليف القرآن (‘The role of Muhammad in the Composition of the Qur’ān’)

Abdeljalil, M-A: L’analyse du Coran à la lumière de la déconstruction de Derrida, La sourate XXII (Al-Ḥajj) comme modèle.

Boisliveau, A-S: Canonisation du Coran… par le Coran ? (‘Canonization of the Qur’ân… by the Qur’ân?’), Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée 129, pp.153-168.

Böwering, G: Recent research on the construction of the Qur’an in in Reynolds, G (ed): The Qur’ān in its Historical Context, Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2008. Pages 70-87.

Crone, P: Two legal problems bearing on the early history of the Qur’ān. From Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, 18 (1994): 1-37.

Cuypers, M: La composition du Coran - نظم القرآن . Éditions Gabalda et Cie, France 2011.

Cuypers, M: The question of the Qur'an's coherence in the history of its exegesis (Extract from "The Banquet").

Dye, G: The Qur’ān and its Hypertextuality in Light of Redaction Criticism. Paper for early Islam: the sectarian media of late Antiquity? (Early Islamic Studies Seminar, Milan June 2015).

Gilliot, C : Collecte ou mémorisation du Coran. Essai d’analyse d’un vocabulaire ambigu (‘Collection or memorization of the Koran. An attempt to analyse an ambiguous vocabulary’) from Lohlker (Rüdiger) (hrsg. von), Ḥadīṯstudien – Die Überleferungen des Propheten im Gespräch. Festschrift für Prof. Dr. Tilman Nagel, Hambourg, Verlag Dr. Kovac, 2009, p. 77-132.

Gilliot, C: La composition des sourates mekkoises. (Section A of Deux études sur le Coran, a review article of A. Neuwirth: Studien zur Komposition der mekkanischen Suren, Berlin, New York 1981). Arabica, Tome XXX, Fascicule 1, 1983. See pp.1-16.

Gilliot, C: Creation of a fixed text, from Dammen McAuliffe (Jane) (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’ān, Cambridge, CUP (Cambridge Companions to Religion), 2006, p. 41-57

Gilliot, C; Larcher, P: Language and style of the Qurʾān from Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān [EQ], III, Leyde, Brill, 2003, p. 109-35.

Gilliot, C: Les traditions sur la composition ou coordination du Coran (taʾlīf al-qurʾān) (‘The Traditions on the coordination/compilation of the Qur’ān’ (taʾlīf al-qurʾān). From Gilliot (Claude) und Tilman Nagel (hrsg. von), Das Prophetenḥadīṯ. Dimensionen einer islamischen Literaturgattung, Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht (Nachrichten der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen. I. Philologisch-Hist. Kl., Jahr. 2005/1), 2005, p. 14-39.

Gilliot, C: Oralité et écriture dans la genèse, la transmission et la fixation du Coran (‘The oral and the written in genesis, transmission and creation of a fixed text of the Qurʾān’). Presses Universitaires de Provence, 2014.

Gilliot, Claude, Reconsidering the authorship of the Qurʾān. Is the Qurʾan partly the fruit of a progressive and collective work? in The Qur’ān in its Historical Context p.88-108.

Gilliot, C: Une reconstruction critique du Coran ou comment en finir avec les merveilles de la lampe d’Aladin? In M. Kropp (ed.), Results of contemporary research on the Qurʾān. The question of a historio-critical text, Beyrouth, Orient-Institut der DMG/Würzburg, Ergon Verlag (« Beiruter Texte und Studien », 100), 2007, p. 33-137.

Haddad, Y. D al-: نظم القرآن والكتاب - 1 - إعجاز القرآن (‘The Composition of the Qur’an and the Book – Part One – The Inimitability of the Qur’an’) Qur’ānic Studies, (3). Muhammadanism.org.

Horovitz, J: Koranische Untersuchungen, De Gruyter, Berlin and Leipzig 1926.

Makin, A: Representing the Enemy: Musaylima in Muslim Literature, (Introduction to the work) Peter Lang Publications, 2010. (That remaining fragments of Musaylima’s qur’ān bear substantial similarities to the early Meccan verses of the Qur’ān – in terms of diction, style, and pattern, and that there were likely several prophets and qur’āns in sixth-seventh century Arabia)

Makin, A: Re-Thinking Other Claimants to Prophethood: the Case of Umayya ibn Abi Salt. Paper presented at the IKGF colloquium “Dynamics in the History of Religions between Asia and Europe” , Ruhr University, November, 2009.

Makin, A: Sharing the concept of god among trading prophets: reading the poem of Umayya b. Abi Salt, in Wick, P; Rabens, V (eds): Religions and Trade, Religious Formation, Transformation and Cross-Cultural Exchange between East and West, Brill, 2014, pp.283-305.

Motzki, H: Alternative accounts of the Qur’ān’s formation, in Dammen McAuliffe (Jane) (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’ān , Cambridge, CUP (Cambridge Companions to Religion), 2006, p. 59-75.

Neuwirth, A: Two Faces of the Qur’ān: Qur’ān and Mushaf, Oral Tradition, 25/1 (2010): 141-156.

Nöldeke, T: Remarques critiques sur le style et la syntaxe du Coran, traduit avec postface par G.-H. Bousquet, Paris 1953 (‘Critical remarks on the style and syntax of the Koran’)

Sadeghi, B: The Chronology of the Qur’ān: A Stylometric Research Program, in Arabica 58 (2011), pp.210-299.

Schoeler, G: The Constitution of the Koran as a Codified Work: Paradigm for Codifying Hadīth and the Islamic Sciences? Oral Tradition, 25/1 (2010): 199-21

Sinai, N: Fortschreibung und Auslegung: Studien zur frühen Koraninterpretation, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2009.

Sinai, N: Qurʾānic Self-Referentiality as a Strategy of Self-Authorization, From Self-Referentiality in the Qurʾān, edited by Stefan Wild, Wiesbaden 2006, pp. 103–134.

Sinai, N - The Qurʾan as Process in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 407-440.

Stewart, D: Notes on medieval and modern emendations of the Qur’ān, in Reynolds, G (ed): The Qur’ān in its Historical Context, Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2008. Pages 225-248.

Back to main index

Philology as an exegetical tool

Arabic linguistics

Fraenkel, S: Die Aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen, Leiden, Brill, 1886.

Hamad, M al -: Nabataean in contact with Arabic: grammatical borrowing in Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies, Vol. 44 (2014).

Hoyland, R: Language and Identity: the twin histories of Arabic and Aramaic, Scripta Classica Israelica, Vol. XXIII, 2004, pp.183-199.

Hussein, T:  في الشعر الجاهلي (‘On pre-Islamic Poetry’) Dar al-Nadwa.

Jallad, A al-: Graeco-Arabica I: the southern Levant. In Le contexte de naissance de l’écriture arabe. Écrit et écritures araméennes et arabes au 1er  millénaire après J.-C., Actes du colloque international du projet ANR Syrab, edited by F. Briquel-Chatonnet, M. Debié, and L. Nehmé. Louvain: Peeters (Orientalia Lovaniensa Analecta)

Jallad, A al-: The earliest stages of Arabic and its linguistic classification in Routledge Handbook of Arabic Linguistics.

Knauf, E - Arabo-Aramaic and ʿArabiyya: From Ancient Arabic to Early Standard Arabic, 200 ce–600 ce in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 197-254.

Macdonald, M: Ancient Arabia and the written word in M.C.A. Macdonald (ed.), The development of Arabic as a written language (Supplement to the Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 40). Oxford: Archaeopress, 2010, pp. 5–28.

Macdonald, M: Ancient North Arabian, in Woodard, R (ed) The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of the World’s Ancient Languages, Cambridge University press 2004, Chapter 16.

Macdonald, M: Languages, scripts, and the uses of writing among the Nabataeans, The Cincinnati Art Museum, 2003.

Macdonald, M: Reflections on the Linguistic map of pre-Islamic Arabia, Arab. arch. epig. 2000: 11: 28–79.

Nehmé, L: A glimpse of the development of the Nabataean script into Arabic based on old and new epigraphic material, in M.C.A. Macdonald (ed.), The development of Arabic as a written language. (Supplement to the Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 40). Oxford: Archaeopress, 2010, pp. 47–88.

Retsö, J: Arabs and Arabic in the Age of the Prophet in The Qur’ān in Context. Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu ed. A. Neuwirth/N. Sinai/M. Marx, Leiden /Boston 2010 pp. 281-292.

Retsö, J: Aramaic (Syriac) Loanwords in Encyclopaedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics ed. K. Versteegh n& al., Leiden 2006. Vol. 1 pp. 178-182.

Retsö, J: Das Arabische der vorislamischen Zeit bei klassischen und orientalischen Autoren. Neue Beiträge zur Semitistik. Erstes Arbeitstreffen der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Semitistik in der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft vom 11. bis 13 September 2000 an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena (JBVO 5) Wiesbaden 2002 139-146.

Vollers, K: Volkssprache und Schriftsprache im alten Arabien, Strasbourg, Verlag von Karl J. Trübner, 1906.

Foreign vocabulary in the Qur’ān

Carter, M – Foreign Vocabulary in Rippin, A (ed): The Blackwell Companion to the Qur’ān Blackwell Publishing, 2006, pages 120-139.

Dye, G: Pourquoi et comment se fait un texte canonique? (Reflections on the history of the Qur’ān)  Hérésies, 2015, pp 55-104.

Dye, G: Traces of Bilingualism / Multilingualism in Qur’ānic Arabic from Arabic in Context, ed. Ahmad al-Jallad, Leiden, Brill (Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics).

Hajayneh, H: The usage of Ancient South Arabian and other Arabian languages as an etymological source for Qur’anic vocabulary in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.117-146.

Jeffery, A: The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qur’ān with a Foreword by G. Böwering and J. D McAuliffe. Brill Leiden, Boston, 2007.

Kropp, M: Beyond single words: Mā’ida Shayṭan jibt and ṭāghūt. Mechanisms of transmission into the Ethiopic (Geez) Bible and the Qur’ānic text in Reynolds, G (ed): The Qur’ān in its Historical Context, Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2008. Pages 204-216.

Pennachio, C: Lexical Borrowing in the Qur’ān The Problematic Aspects of Arthur Jeffery’s List. Bulletin du Centre de recherche français a Jérusalem, 22 (2011). An evaluation and updating of A. Jeffery’s The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qur’ān.

Toorawa, Sh: Hapaxes in the Qur’ān: identifying and cataloguing lone words (and loanwords) in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.193-246

Back to main index

Some key terms and passages

Beck, D : The Annunciation of Sūrat al-Qadr: Celebrating the Incarnation of the Deity (Q 97) (On the sura’s referring to the nativity of Christ, and its influence from St Ephrem’s Nativity Hymn no.21).

Cuypers, M: Le Festin, Une lecture de la sourate al-Mâ'ida. Rhétorique sémitique. Paris: Lethielleux, 2007.

Cuypers, M :  في نظم صورة المائدة - نظم آي القرآن في ضوء منهج التحليل البلاغي (‘On the composition of the Sūrat al-Mā’ida – the Composition of Qur’ānic Verses in the Light of Rhetorical Analysis Methodology’) Tr. of Le Festin, Une lecture de la sourate al-Mâ'ida by ‘A Sālih, Dār al-Mashriq, Beirut.

Donner, F: Quranic Furqān Journal of Semitic Studies LII/2 Autumn 2007.

Gallez, E: The root kfr and philology: significance and biblical, post-biblical and Qur’anic meanings. In ‘Le texte arabe non islamique’, Studia Arabica, vol.XI.

Grypeou, E: The Table from Heaven: A Note on Qur’ān, Sūrah 5,111 ff., Collectanea Christiana Orientalia 2 (2005): 311-316.

Kiltz, D: The relationship between Arabic Allāh and Syriac Allāha. Der Islam Bd. 88, S. 33–50.

Kister, M: Al-Taḥannuth - An enquiry into the meaning of a term.

Kerr, R: Empire Annus Hegiræ vel Annus (H)Agarorum? Etymologische und vergelichende Anmerkungen zum Anfang der islamischen Jahreszählung in K.-H. Ohlig und M. Gross (Hg.), Die Entstehung einer Weltreligion III, Inârah-Sammelband 7 (Schiler Verlag, Berlin-Tübingen), 2014, pp.14-38.

Kerr, R: Islam, Arabs and the Hijra An analysis of the etymology of the terms ‘hijra’ and ‘anṣār’. An expanded version of this is available as Der Islam, die Araber und die Hiğra.

Kropp, M: The Ethiopic Satan = Šayṭān and its Quranic successor with a note on verbal stoning, Christianisme Oriental, Kérygme et Histoire, 2007.

Powers, D: Finality of Prophecy, in The Oxford Handbook of the Abrahamic Religions, ed. A. Silverstein and G. Stroumsa, 254-271 (Oxford University Press, 2015).

Retsö, J: The Contradictory Revelation – a reading of Sura 27:16-44 and 34:15-21. Micro-Level Analyses of the Qur’an ed. H. Rydving (Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis: Historia religionum 34) Uppsala 2014 pp. 95-103.

Reynolds, G: On the Qur’ān’s Mā’ida Passage and the Wanderings of the Israelites. From Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.91-108.

Rippin, A: The Search for Ṭuwā: Exegetical method, past and present (A comparison of two approaches to interpretation, the traditional and (p.417) the modern philological approach). From Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.399-422.

Robinson, N: Hands Outstretched: Towards a Re-reading of Sūrat al-Mā’ida. Journal of Qur’ānic Studies, Volume 3, Issue 1, Page 1-19.

Rubin, U: On the Arabian Origins of the Qur'an: The Case of al-furqan. Journal of Semitic Studies 54 (2009), 421-33. [Reprinted in: Uri Rubin, Muhammad the Prophet and Arabia, Variorum Collected Studies Series (Ashgate, 2011), no. XV]

Rubin, U: The Hands of Abu Lahab and the Gazelle of the Ka'ba, (on Sūra CXI,1: تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ  ‘Perish the two hands of Abū Lahab’).  Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 33 (2007), 93-98.[Reprinted in: Uri Rubin, Muhammad the Prophet and Arabia, Variorum Collected Studies Series (Ashgate, 2011), no. XII].

Rubin, U: The Seal of the Prophets and the Finality of Prophecy. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 164/1 (2014), 65-96.

The debate on Syriac linguistic influence

Anthony, S : Further Notes on the Word Ṣibgha in Qurʾan 2:138, Journal of Semitic Studies 59.1 (Spring 2014): 117-129.

Dye, G; Kropp, M: Le nom de Jésus ('Îsâ) dans le Coran, et quelques autres noms bibliques : remarques sur l'onomastique coranique. In Guillaume Dye & Fabien Nobilio (éds), Figures bibliques en islam, pp. 171-198.

El-Badawi, E: The impact of Aramaic (especially Syriac) on the Qur’ān.

Kerr, R: Aramaisms in the Quran and their Significance Tr. by K. Mclean.of  Von der aramaischen Lesekulture zur arabischen Schreibkultur II in Gross M; Ohlig, K: Die Entstehung einer Weltreligion II, Berlin, Schiler, 2012.

Kerr, R: Der aramäische Wortschatz des Qur’ān in Gross M; Ohlig, K: Die Entstehung einer Weltreligion II, Berlin, Schiler, 2012 (Von der aramaischen Lesekulture zur arabischen Schreibkultur II).

Mingana, A: Syriac Influence on the Style of the Kur’ān Bulletin of the John Rylands Library,, Vol 1, No.1, 1927.

Rippin, A: Syriac in the Qur’an , Classical Muslim theories. Also in Reynolds, G (ed): The Qur’ān in its Historical Context, Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2008. Pages 249-261.

Sinai, N: ‘Weihnachten im Qur’ān’ oder ‘Nacht der Bestimmung’? Eine Interpretation von Sure 97. Der Islam 88:1 (2012): 11-32.

Witztum, J: Joseph among the Ishmaelites: Q 12 in Light of Syriac Sources, in New Perspectives on the Qur’ān: The Qur’ān in its Historical Context 2. Edited by Reynolds, Gabriel Said. Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2011. Pages 425-448.

Back to main index

The Qur’ānic Vorlage thesis

Abdeljalil, M: Le Coran : texte révélé ou texte traduit?

Abdeljalil, M: Le Coran : texte révélé ou texte traduit? (enlarged)

Gilliot, C: Des indices d’un proto-lectionnaire dans le 'lectionnaire arabe', dit Coran (‘Pieces of evidence showing the presence of a proto-lectionary in the ‘Arabic lectionary’, called Qur’ān’), Comptes rendus de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belle-Lettres), Année 2011 (janvier-mars), 455-72.

Gilliot, C : Langue et Coran: une lecture syro-araméenne du Coran, Arabica 50:3 (2003): 381-393.

Gilliot, C: Mohammed's exegetical activity in the Meccan Arabic lectionary in Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.371-398.

Gilliot, C: The 'collections' of the Meccan Arabic lectionary in N. Boeckhoff-van der Voort, K. Versteegh, J. Wagemakers. The Transmission and dynamics of the textual sources of Islam. Essays in Honour of Harald Motzki, Brill, Leiden 2011.

King, D: A Christian Qur’ān? (Evaluation of the work by Christoph Luxenberg) JLARC 3 (2009) 44-71.

Kropp, M: Tripartite, but anti-Trinitarian formulas in the Qur’ānic corpus, possibly pre-Qur’ānic in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.247-264.

Luxenberg, C: Al-Najm (Q 53), Chapter of the Star: a new Syro-Aramaic reading of verses 1 to 18 in Reynolds, G (ed): New Perspectives on the Qur’ān – The Qur’ān in its historical context 2 from Rippin, A (ed): Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān, Routledge 2011, pp.279-298.

(French translation): Sūrat an-Nağm

Luxenberg, C:  The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran : A contribution to the decoding of the language of the Koran (tr. of Die Syro-aramäische Lesart des Koran: ein Beitrag zur Entschlusselung der Koransprache.(English) Berlin: Hans Schiler, 2004

Luxenberg, C: قراءة آرامية سريانية للقرآن - مساهمة في تفسير لغة القرآن (Arabic summary of The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Qur’ān by Ralf Ghadban). Dār al-Kitāb al-ʽArabī, Berlin 2000.

Marx, M; Sinai, N: Islamische und Jüdische Hermeneutik als Kulturkritik, Historische Sondierungen und methodische Reflexionen zur Korangenese - Wege zur Rekonstruktion des vorkanonischen Qur’ān. In Zusammenarbeit mit dem Seminar für Semitistik und Arabistik der Freien Universität Berlin Gefördert von der Fritz Thyssen Stiftung.

Wild, S - Lost in Philology? The Virgins of Paradise and the Luxenberg Hypothesis in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 625-648.

 

The Early History of Islam

New historiography on the origins, expansion and development of the Islamic world

Back to main index

Studies on early Islam

Bashear, S: -  نحو قراءة جديدة للرواية الإسلامية  مقدمة في التاريخ الاخر Al-Quds, 1984.

Beck, D: Muhammad's Night Journey in its Palestinian Context: a Perfect Solution to a Forgotten Problem (Q 17:1)

Cook, D: Syria and the Arabs in Marsham, A: The Early Caliphate and the Inheritance of Late Antiquity (c. AD 610 –c. AD 750) in Rousseau, P (ed): A Companion to Late Antiquity, Blackwell Publications, 2009, pp.467-478.

Crone, P; Cook, M: Hagarism – The Making of the Islamic World Cambridge University Press 1977.

Crone, P; Cook, M:   الهاجريون (tr. of Hagarism by N. Fayyād )

Crone, P; Hinds, M: God’s Caliph – Religious Authority in the First Centuries of Islam. Cambridge University Press 2003.

Crone, P: Imperial Trauma: The Case of the Arabs, Symposium: Imperial Trauma, Part 3. Common Knowledge 12:1. “006, pp.107-116.

Crone, P: The first century concept of Hiğra, Arabica, Journal of Arabic and Islamic studies, volume XLI, Brill, Leiden 1994.

Djait, H: الفتنة جدلية الدين والسياسة في الاسلام المبكر (‘The Grand Sedition -  The Struggle between Faith and Politics in Early Islam’), 4th Ed., Dār al-Ṭalīʽa, Beirut, 2000.

Donner, F: From Believers to Muslims: Confessional Self-identity in the Early Islamic Community. Al-Abhath, Vol. 50-51, 2002-2003, pp.9-53.

Donner, F: Modern approaches to early Islamic history in Robinson, C (ed): The New Cambridge History of Islam – Vol 1 - Formation of the Islamic World Sixth to Eleventh Centuries, Cambridge University Press, 2011, pages 625-647.

Donner, F: Qur’ânicization of Religio-Political Discourse in the Umayyad Period. Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée, 129, Juillet 2011, pp.79-92.

Donner, F: The Formation of the Islamic State Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 106, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 1986), pp. 283- 296.

Donner, F: The Islamic conquests Princeton University Press 1981.

Gaiser, A: Source-Critical Methodologies in Recent Scholarship on the Kharijites, History Compass 7/5 (2009): 1376–1390.

Gonzalez-Ferrin, E: Islamic Late Antiquity and Fatḥ - the Effect as Cause. Paper presented at Milano (june 2015) - Nangeroni Meeting, Early Islamic Studies Seminar.

Gonzalez-Ferrin, E: La Antigüedad Tardía Islámica: crítica al concepto de conquista. In Actas III-IV Jornadas de Arqueología e Historia Medieval, Frontera INferior de al-Andalus, pp.29-52.Mérida 2014.

Guidetti, M: The contiguity between churches and mosques in early Islamic Bilād al-Shām, Bulletin of SOAS ,76, 2 (2013), 229–258.

Hodgson, M: The Venture of Islam, Conscience and History in a World Civilization. Volume I: The Classical Age of Islam. Book One: The Islamic Infusion: Genesis of a New Social Order, pp.101-230. University of Chicago Press, 1977.

Hoyland, R (ed): Muslims and Others in Early Islamic Society (Introduction), Volume 18 of The Formation of the Classical Islamic World, Ashgate Variorum.

Hussein, T: الفتنة الكبرى (I - ‘The Grand Riot’ - ‘Uthmān’) Dār al-Maʽārif bi-Misr.

Hussein, T: الفتنة الكبرى -(II  علي وبنوه ‘Alī and his Sons’) Dār al-Maʽārif bi-Misr.

Kaegi, W: Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Kister, M: ‘Do not assimilate yourselves’, Lā tashabbahū, Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 12 (1989): 321-71.

Lahoud, N: The Early Kharijites and their Understanding of Jihād, Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph, Volume LXII – 2009.

Lindstedt, I: Muhājirūn as a Name for the First/Seventh Century Muslims. Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 74, No. 1 (April 2015), pp. 67-73.

Madelung, W: The succession to Muḥammad, A study of the early Caliphate, Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Makin, A: From Musaylima to the Kharijite Najdiyya, Al-Jāmiʽah, Vol. 51, No. 1, 2013, pp.33-60.

Marsham, A: Rituals of Islamic Monarchy, Accession and Succession in the First Muslim Empire, Edinburgh University Press, 2009.

Marsham, A: The Early Caliphate and the Inheritance of Late Antiquity (c. AD 610 –c. AD 750) in Rousseau, P (ed): A Companion to Late Antiquity, Blackwell Publications, 2009, pp.479-493.

Qemany, S, el-: حروب دولة الرسول - الجزء الاول (‘The Wars of the Prophet’s State’) حروب دولة الرسول - الجزء الثاني Maktabat Madbouli al-Saghir, 2nd ed. Cairo 1996.

Retsö, J: Constantinople and the Early Islamic Conquests, in Istanbul as Seen from a Distance. Center and Provinces in the Ottoman Empire ed. E. Özdalga/M. S. Özervari/F. Tansug (Transactions of the Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul vol. 20), Istanbul 2011 pp. 29-36.

Rezakhani, Kh: The Arab Conquests and Sasanian Iran. Mizan Project. www.mizanproject.org.

Robinson, C: The rise of Islam, 600 705 in Robinson, C (ed): The New Cambridge History of Islam – Vol 1 - Formation of the Islamic World Sixth to Eleventh Centuries, Cambridge University Press, 2011, pages 173-225.

Rubin, U: Between Arabia and the Holy Land: A Mecca-Jerusalem axis of sanctity, Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, 34 (2008).

Rubin, U: Morning and Evening Prayers in Early Islam. Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 10 (1987), 40–64. [Reprinted in: Uri Rubin, Muhammad the Prophet and Arabia, Variorum Collected Studies Series (Ashgate, 2011), no. XIV.

Rubin, U: Muhammad’s Night Journey (isra’) to al-Masjid al-Aqsa: Aspects of the Earliest Origins of the Islamic Sanctity of Jerusalem. From al-Qantara 29 (2008), 147-65. [Reprinted in: Uri Rubin, Muhammad the Prophet and Arabia, Variorum Collected Studies Series (Ashgate, 2011), no. VII.

Rubin, U: Prophets and Caliphs: the Biblical Foundations of the Umayyad Authority in Herbert Berg (ed.), Method and Theology in the Study of Islamic origins (Leiden, 2003), 73-99.

Rubin, U: The ‘Constitution of Medina’: Some Notes. Studia Islamica 62 (1985), 5–23. (On the later development of the term mu’minūn to exclude the Jews).

Sizgorich, T: “Do Prophets Come with a Sword?” Conquest, Empire and Historical Narrative in the Early Islamic World.

Wellhausen, J: Skizzen Und Vorarbeiten, Vol 6: Prolegomena zur ältesten Geschichte des Islams. Verschiedenes. Berlin 1899.

Back to main index

Early non-Muslim historical sources

Anthony, S: Muhammad, the Keys to Paradise, and the Doctrina Jacobi: A Late Antique Puzzle. Der Islam 2014; 91(2): 243–265.

Brock, S: Syriac Sources for Seventh-Century History, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, Vol 2 (1976), 17-36. Blackwell.

Carrasco, C: La visión inicial del Islam por el Cristianismo oriental. Siglos VII-X in Miscelánea de Estudios Árabes y Heraicos. Sección Árabe-Islam 61 (2012), pp. 61-85.

Hoyland, R: Seeing Islam as Others Saw It: A Survey and Evaluation of Christian, Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam. Vol. 13 Studies in Late Antiquity and Early Islam. Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press, 1997.

Hoyland, R: The Earliest Christian Writings on Muhammad From Motzki, H (ed): Muhammd, The Issue of the Sources, Brill 2000, pp276-297.

Kirby, P: External References to Islam (excerpts from Hoyland)

Martinez, F: La Literatura Apocalíptica y las Primeras Reacciones Cristianas a la Conquista Islámica en Oriente. Conference paper, Real Academia de la Historia, April 2002.

Nöldeke, T: Zur Geschichte der Araber im 1. Jahrh. d. H. aus syrischen Quellen, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 29 (1875): 76-98.

Penn, M: When Christians First Met Muslims: A Sourcebook of the Earliest Syriac Writings on Islam (Prologue and Introduction) Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2015.

Saadi, A-M: Nascent Islam in the Seventh Century Syriac Sources in The Qur’ān in its Historical Context. Edited by Reynolds, Gabriel Said. Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2007. Pp. 217-222.

Suermann, H: Early Islam in the Light of Christian and Jewish Sources, in: Angelika Neuwirth, Nicolai Sinai, Michael Marx (Hrsg.), The Qurʾān in Context. Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qurʾānic Milieu (Texts and Studies on the Qurʾān 6, Leiden, Boston 2010, 135-148).

Yadgar, L: Jewish Accounts of Muhammad and His Apostate Informants. Mizan Project. http://www.mizanproject.org.

Early Christian apologetics

Beaumont, M: Early Christian Interpretation of the Qur'an, Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies October/December 2005 22: 195-203.

Szilágyi, K: A prophet like Jesus? Christians and Muslims debating Muhammad’s death. JSAI 36 (2009) pp.131-172.

Wilde, C: The Qurʾān in Christian Arabic texts (750-1258 C.E.). Dissertation, Washington 2011.

 

Muslim Historiography

Back to main index

Sīra texts

Tabari, al-: Al-Tabarī’s History, Vol 9 – The Last Years of the Prophet From I. Poonawala (tr. and ed.) The History of al-Tabarī, Vol. IX, Bibliotheca Persica, State University of New York Press.

Guillaume, A: The Life of Muhammad A Translation of Ishāq’s Sīrat Rasūl Allāh, Karachi, Oxford University Press, 1998.

Ibn Ishāq:  السيرة النبوية (‘The Life of the Messenger of God’ - Arabic text) Ed. A. al-Muzīdī, Dār al-Kutub al-ʽIlmiyya, Beirut 2004.

Ibn Kathīr: The Life of the Prophet Muhammad Volume I, Al-Sīra al-Nabawiyya, Tr. Trevor Le Gassick, Garnet Publishing, 1998. (NB - very large file: 98 MB)

Ibn Kathīr: The Battles of the Prophet (from al-Bidāya wal-Nihāya) Tr. W. al-Shihab. Dar Al-Manarah, El-Mansoura, 2001.

Sīra historiography

Berg, H – Context: Muhammad in Rippin, A (ed): The Blackwell Companion to the Qur’ān Blackwell Publishing, 2006, pages 187-204. (On the connections between Muhammad and the Qur’ān, Muhammad’s role in Shaping the Qur’ān and the Qur’ān’s role in shaping the biography of Muhammad).

Crone, P: What do we actually know about Mohammed? https://opendemocracy.net/faith-europe_islam/mohammed_3866.jsp June 2008.

Djait, H: في السيرة النبوية -  الوحي والقرآن والنبوة (‘The Revelation, the Qur’ān and Prophecy’), On the Prophet’s Sīra – 1 - Dār al-Ṭalīʽa, Beirut, 1999.

Görke, A: Authorship in the Sira Literature, in Lale Behzadi, Jaakko Hämeen-Antilla (eds.), Concepts of Authorship in Pre-Modern Arabic Texts, Bamberg 2015, 63-92.

Görke, A: Prospects and Limits in the Study of the Historical Muḥammad. From The Transmission and Dynamics of the Textual Sources of Islam, Essays in Honour of Harald Motzki. Leiden, Brill, pp.137-151.

Görke, A; Schoeler, G: Reconstructing the Earliest sira Texts: the Hijra in the Corpus of 'Urwa b. al-Zubayr, Der Islam 82 (2005), 209-220.

Hoyland, R: Writing the Biography of the Prophet Muhammad: Problems and Solutions History Compass 5 (2007). Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2007.

Jansen, J: Subjective and Objective Problems with the Canonical Biography known as the Sîra, with special reference to Q 9:37 and Q 44:54. Otzenhausen, 4th Inârah Conference, 21 March 2014.

Jeffery, A: The Quest of the Historical Muhammad.The Muslim World, vol. 16: 327-48, 1926.

Jeffery, A: بحثاً عن مُحَمَّدٍ التَّاريِخي (Arabic tr. of The Quest of the Historical Muhammad). The Muslim World, vol. 16: 327-48, 1926.

Kerr, R: Zur Mohammeddämmerung. Homer und Mohammed als fiktive Gestalten, Imprimatur 49/1 (2016): 57-61 (Summary of a forthcoming paper).

Ohlig, K: Vom muhammad Jesus zum Propheten der Araber: Die Historisierung eines christologischen Prädikats. Inarah.de.

Peters, F: The Quest of the Historical Muhammad, in: IJMES 23 (1991): 291-315

Robinson, C: History and Heilgeschichte in early Islam: Some observations on prophetic history and biography

Rubin, U: The Eye of the Beholder: The Life of Muhammad as Viewed by the Early Muslims. Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press, 1995.

Schoeler, G: Foundations for a New Biography of Muhammad: The Production and Evaluation of the Corpus of Traditions according to ‘Urwah b. al-Zubayr in Berg, H (ed): Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins. Islamic History and Civilisation. Studies and Texts, Volume 49, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2003, pp.21-28.

Shoemaker, S: In search of ‘Urwa’s Sīra: Some Methodological Issues in the Quest for ‘Authenticity’ in the Life of Muhammad Der Islam Bd. 85, S. 257–344.

Williams, R: An Analysis of the Supernatural Archetype of the Prophet Muḥammad as Found in the Sīra/Ta’rīkh and Tafsīr Works of al-Ṭabarī and Ibn Kathīr, PhD Thesis, 2006.

Back to main index

Studies on the Life of Muhammad

Bora, C : “All we know is What We Have Been Told” : Reflections on Emigration and Land as Divine Heritage in the Qur’ān, in Carlos A. Segovia and Basil Lourié (eds): The Coming of the Comforter: When, Where, and to Whom? Studies on the Rise of Islam and Various Other Topics in Memory of John Wansbrough, xv–xxiv. Gorgias Press, 2012, pp.303-342.

Casanova, P: Mohammed et la fin du monde, Étude critique sur l’Islam primitif. Paris, Geuthner, 1911. NB Large file, MB.

Courtieu, G: Al-Muttalib : La présence d'un Dieu dans la famille de Mahomet, Cahiers du Cercle Ernest Renan 248/2009.

Gilliot, C: Die Schreib- und/oder Lesekundigkeit in Mekka und Yathrib/Medina zur Zeit Mohammeds (‘Literacy in Mecca and Yathriib at the time of Muhammad’). From Groß (Markus)/Karl-Heinz Ohlig (Hg.), Schlaglichter. Die beiden ersten islamischen Jahrhunderte, Berlin, Verlag Hans Schiler (Inārah. Schriften zur frühen Islamgeschichte und zum Koran, 3), 2008, p. 293-319

Gilliot, C: Hieß der Prophet Muḥammad? Inārah, http://www.2013.inarah.de/index.php?id=128

Goldziher, I: Mohammed and Islam Tr. K . Seelye, Yale University Press, 1917.

Margoliouth, D: Mohammed and the Rise of Islam 3rd Edition, Putnam’s, London, New York 1905.

Rubin, U: The Great Pilgrimage of Muhammad: Some Notes on Sura IX, Journal of Semitic Studies 27 (1982), 241–260. (On the Prophet’s Islamisation of the Hajj and its detachment from the Spring Passover and Easter festivals aof the Jews and Christians).

Sprenger, A: The Life of Mohammad, from Original Sources. Allahabad 1851. Engl tr. of Das Leben und die Lehre des Mohammad, nach bisher grösstentheils unbenutzten Quellen.

Watt, W M: محمد في مكة (Arabic tr. of Muhammad at Mecca) Tr. Dr. A. al-Shaykh, Cairo 1994.

Watt, W M: Muhammad at Medina, Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, 1956.

Watt, W M: Muhammad: Prophet and Statesman, London: Oxford University Press, 1961.

Back to main index

Early historical writing

Source texts

Tabari, al- تاريخ الطبري (‘Al-Tabarī’s History’ - Arabic text) (NB - very large file: 62 MB)

Tabari, al-: Al-Tabarī’s History, Vol 39 –Biographies of the Prophet’s Companions and their Successors From E. Landau-Tasseron (tr. and ed.) The History of al-Tabarī, Vol. XXXIX, Bibliotheca Persica, State University of New York Press.

Studies on Muslim historiography on early Islam

Donahue, T: To what extent is the term “Jāhiliyya” an appropriate label to describe the milieu in which Islam emerged? A Psycho-Social Interpretation of the Religious Construction of Jāhiliyya (‘Freud, Religion and Jahiliyya Poetry’).

Donner, F:  Narratives of Islamic Origins: The Beginnings of Islamic Historical Writing. Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press, 1998.

Drory, R: The Abbasid Construction of the Jahiliyya: Cultural Authority in the Making. In Studia Islamica, 1996/1 (February), pp. 38-49.

Gilliot, C : Al-Ṭabarī and the ‘history of Salvation’, in Hugh Kennedy (ed.), Al-Tabari, A Medieval historian and his work, Princeton NJ, The Darwin Press (SLAEI, 15), 2008, VII+384 p. 131-140.

Gilliot, C : La transmission du message muhammadien. Juristes et théologiens (‘The transmission of Mohammad’s legacy. Jurists and theologians’). 2012 G. 3.140. From Thiérry Bianquis, Pierre Guichard, Matthieu Tillier (sous la direction de), Les Débuts du monde musulman. De Muhammad aux dynasties autonomes, Paris, PUF (Nouvelle Clio), 2012, chap. XXV, 373-406.

Gilliot, C: Mythe, récit, histoire du salut dans le Commentaire coranique de Tabari (‘Myth, narrative, history of salvation in Tabari’s Koranic Commentary’). JA (Journal Asiatique), CCLXXXII (1994), p. 237-70.  (NB large file: 53 MB)

Görke, A: Die frühislamische Geschichtsüberlieferung zu Hudaibiya, Der Islam 74 (1997), 193-237.

Görke, A: The historical Tradition about al-Hudaybiya: A Study of 'Urwa b. al-Zubayr's Account, in: Harald Motzki (ed.), The Biography of Muhammad: The Issue of the Sources, Leiden 2000, 240-275. (English translation of Die frühislamische Geschichtsüberlieferung zu Hudaibiya).

Görke, A: The relationship between maghāzī and hadīth in early Islamic scholarship, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies / Volume 74 / Issue 02 / June 2011, pp 171-185

Hoyland, R: Arabic, Syriac and Greek Historiography in the First Abbasid Century: an Inquiry into Inter-cultural Traffic, ARAM 3:1&2 (1991) pp.211-233.

Hoyland, R: History, Fiction and Authorship in early Islam.

Karimi-Nia, M: The Historiography of the Qur’an in the Muslim World: The Influence of Theodor Nöldeke, Journal of Qur'anic Studies 15i (2013)

Motzki, H: Analysing Muslim Traditions, Studies in Legal, Exegetical and Maghāzī Ḥadīth. With Nicolet Boekhoff-van der Voort and Sean W. Anthony, Brill, Leiden and Boston, 2010.

Nöldeke, T: Zur tendenziösen Gestaltung der Urgeschichte des Islām’s.  ZDMG (Leipzig) 52. 1898, pp.16-33.

Toral-Niehoff, I: Talking about Arab origins: The transmission of the ayyām al-ʿarab in Kūfah, Baṣrah and Bagdad, in Scheiner, Damien Janos (eds.) Contexts of Learning in Baghdad from the 8th to the 10th centuries. Proceedings of the International Conference in Göttingen 12.-14. September 2011.

Webb, P: Al-Jāhiliyya: Uncertain Times of Uncertain Meanings. Der Islam 91 (2014) 69-94.

Webb, P: Creating Arab Origins: Muslim Constructions of al-Jāhiliyya and Arab History, Doctoral thesis, SOAS, London 2014.

Webb, P: Pre-Islamic al-Sham in Classical Arabic Literature. Studia Islamica 110 (2015) 135-164.

Webb, P: The Hajj before Muhammad in The Hajj: Collected Papers, Liana Saif and Venetia Porter (eds), London: British Museum Press, 2013, 6-14.

 

Hadīth and Early Fiqh

Historical influences on the development of Islam as a faith

Back to main index

‘Abd al-Karim, Kh:  الجذور التاريخية للشريعة الإسلامية (‘The Historical Roots of Islamic Sharīʻa’) Dar Misr al-Mahrusa, Cairo 2004.

‘Abd al-Rāziq, ‘Alī:  الإسلام وأصول الحكم Islam and the Foundations of Governance: an Investigation into the Caliphate and Government in Islam, Dar al-Hilal, 1925.

Berg, H: Competing Paradigms in the Study of Islamic Origins: Qur’ān 15:89-91 and the Value of Isnāds, in Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins, pp.259-290.

Burton, J: Qur’ān and Sunnah: A Case of Cultural Disjunction in Berg, H (ed): Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins. Islamic History and Civilisation. Studies and Texts, Volume 49, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2003, pp.137-158.

Burton, J: The Sources of Islamic Law: Islamic Theories of Abrogation. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1990.

Calder, N: Islamic Jurisprudence in the Classical Era Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Calder, N: Studies in Early Muslim Jurisprudence. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, 1993.

Cook, M: The Opponents of the Writing of Tradition in Early Islam, Arabica T. 44, Fasc. 4, Voix et Calame en Islam Médiéval (Oct., 1997), pp. 437-530.

Crone, P: Jāhilī and Jewish Law: the qasāma. Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 4. Jerusalem, 1984. Ashgate Variorum.

Crone, P: Roman, Provincial and Islamic Law: The Origins of the Islamic Patronate. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Fawzi, I: تدوين السنة (‘The Documentation of Sunnah and Hadith’), Riad el-Rayyes, 2nd Ed. 1995.

Fishman, T: Guarding Oral Transmission: Within and Between Cultures, Oral Tradition, 25/1 (2010): 41-5.

Goldziher, I: Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law Translated by. A. Hamor and R. Hamori, Princeton University Press, 1981.

Goldziher, I: تاريخ التطور العقدي والتشريعي في الدين الإسلامي (Arabic tr. of Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law); 2nd Ed. Dār al-Kutub al-Hadītha, Cairo, Baghdad,

Goldziher, I: Muhammedanische Studien (Part I) (NB Large file 64 MB)

Goldziher, I: Muhammedanische Studien  (Part II: Ueber die Entwicklung des Hadith) (NB Large file: 64 MB)

Görke, A: Eschatology, History, and the Common Link: A Study in Methodology, in: Herbert Berg (ed.), Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins, Leiden 2003, 179-208.

Hakim, A: Conflicting Images of Lawgivers: The Caliph and the Prophet: Sunna ‘Umar and Sunnat Muḥammad in Berg, H (ed): Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins. Islamic History and Civilisation. Studies and Texts, Volume 49, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2003, pp.159-178.

Hallaq, W: The authenticity of Prophetic Hadith: A Pseudo-problem, Studia Islamica 99 (1999), pp. 75-90

Hallaq, W: The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law, Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Hilali, A : Authentifier le texte sacré en islam. Science du texte et science des hommes, in Unus inter pares. Studies on Shared Scholarship, éd. Pascale Catherine Hummel, Philologicum, Paris, 2009, p. 67-79.

Hilali, A: Compiler, exclure, cacher. Les traditions dites « forgées » dans l’Islam sunnite (VIe/XIIe siècle)" in Revue d’Histoire des Religions, Paris, 2 -2011.

Hilali, A: The Notion of Truth in Hadith Sciences, in Johannes Thon (ed.) The Claim of Truth in Religious Contexts, Orientwissenschaftliche Hefte 27, Halle-Wittenberg, 2009.

Juynboll, G: Muslim Tradition, Studies in chronology, provenance and authorship of early ḥadīth, Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization, Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Motzki, H: Abraham, Hagar and Ishmael at Mecca: A Contribution to the Problem of Dating Muslim Traditions, in Books and Written Culture of the Islamic World. Studies Presented to Claude Gilliot on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday, ed. by A. Rippin and R. Tottoli, Leiden/Boston 2015, pp. 361-384.

Motzki, H: Dating Muslim Traditions: A Survey, Arabica LII,2 (Brill, Leiden) 2005.

Motzki, H: Ewig wahre Quellen? Wie glaubwürdig sind die Hadithe? in: Schneiders, Thorsten Gerald ( Hrsg.), Islamverherrlichung. Wenn die Kritik zum Tabu wird. VS Verlag, Wiesbaden 2010, pp.57-72.

Motzki, H: Methods of Dating Early Legal Traditions, Islamic Law and Society 19 (2012), pp.1-10.

Motzki, H: The Origins of Islamic Jurisprudence: Meccan Fiqh before the Classical Schools. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2001.

Motzki, H: The Role of non-Arab Converts in the Development of early Islamic Law, Islamic Law and Society, 6,3, Brill, Leiden 1999.

Muhammad, Y: مشكلة الحديث Mu’assasat al-Intishar al-Arabi, Beirut 2007.

Reinhart, A: Juybolliana, Gradualism, the Big Bang, and Ḥadīth Study in the Twenty-First Century, Dartmouth College.

Schacht, J: A Revaluation of Islamic Traditions, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1949): 143-154.

Schacht, J: An Introduction to Islamic Law, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1982.

Schacht, J: The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, 1950.

Schacht, J:  اصول الفقه (Arabic tr. of The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence ) Dār al-Kutub al-Lubnānī, Beirut, 1981.

Shah, M (ed): The Hadīth, Critical Concepts in Islamic Studies (Introduction), Routledge, London, New York, 2010.

Back to main index

Archaeology, Epigraphy, Numismatics and Topography

Al-Isa, M: (هل كانت بداية الإسلام في بلاد الشام؟) تاريخ الاسلام المبكر (‘The History of Early Islam – Were the beginnings of Islam in Syria?’)

Bates, M: Roman and Early Muslim Coinage in North Africa. From North Africa from Antiquity to Islam: Papers of a Conference held at Bristol, October 1994 (ed. Mark Horton and Thomas Wiedemann; Centre for Mediterranean Studies, University of Bristol, Occasional Paper 13; Bristol, 1995), pp. 12-15.

Blair, S; Bloom, J - Inscriptions in art and architecture in McAuliffe, J (ed): The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’ān Cambridge University Press 2007, pages 163-180.

Grodzki, M: Christian-Muslim Symbolism on Coins of the Early Arab Empire (7 –8th century CE), An Attempt at a New Approach, Asian and African Studies, Volume 23, Number 2, 2014.

Heidemann, S: Numismatics. From Robinson, C (ed): The New Cambridge History of Islam, Volume 1, The Formation of the Islamic world, Sixth to Eleventh centuries. Part IV: The Historiography of Early Islamic History, p. 648ff. Cambridge University Press 2010.

Heidemann, S - The Evolving Representation of the Early Islamic Empire and its Religion on Coin Imagery in Neuwirth, A; Sinai, N; Marx, M: The Qur’an in Context, Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu from Böwering, G; McAuliffe, J: Texts and Studies on the Qur’ān, Vol.6, Brill 2010, pages 149-196.

Hoyland, R: Arab kings, Arab tribes and the beginnings of Arab historical memory in late Roman epigraphy.

Hoyland, R: Epigraphy and the linguistic background to the Qur’ān in Reynolds, G (ed): The Qur’ān in its Historical Context, Routledge Studies in the Qur’ān. London / New York: Routledge, 2008. Pages 51-69.

Hoyland, R: New documentary texts and the early Islamic state Bulletin of SOAS, 69, 3 (2006), 395–416. School of Oriental and African Studies.

Johns, J: Archaeology and the History of Early Islam: the First Seventy Years, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 46.4.

Kennet, D: On the eve of Islam: archaeological evidence from Eastern Arabia Antiquity, 79 (303) 2005, pp. 107-118.

Kerr, R: Kann die semitische Epigraphik etwas über die Enstehung des Korans erzählen? in Gross M; Ohlig, K: Die Entstehung einer Weltreligion I, Berlin, Schiler, 2010 (Von der aramaischen Lesekulture zur arabischen Schreibkultur I).

Kerr, R: The Language of the Koran, Tingisredux.com.  German translation: Ist der Qurʾān in Mekka oder Medina entstanden?. in K.-H. Ohlig und M. Gross (Hg.), Die Entstehung einer Weltreligion III, Inârah-Sammelband 7 (Schiler Verlag, Berlin-Tübingen, 2014), S. 39-45.

Little, J: Identifying the Qurʾānic Milieu ("Where Was the Koran Written?")

Marsham, A: The Architecture of Allegiance in Early Islamic Late Antiquity: The Accession of Mu‘awiya in Jerusalem, ca. 661 CE. In Beihammer A; Constantinou, S; Parani, M (eds) Court Ceremonies and Rituals of Power in Byzantium and the Mediaeval Mediterranean, Comparative Perspectives. Brill 2013.

Milwright, M: Archaeology and material culture in Robinson, C (ed): The New Cambridge History of Islam – Vol 1 - Formation of the Islamic World Sixth to Eleventh Centuries, Cambridge University Press, 2011, pages 664-682.

Smyth, J: The Mecca Question. A Review of Section 6 of D. Gibson: A Qur’anic Geography: (A survey of the geographical references in the Qur’an).

Smyth, J: مكة في جغرافية القرآن (Arabic translation of The Mecca Question: A Review of Section 6 of Qur’anic Geography: (a survey of the geographical references in the Qur’an).


Back to main index


المصادر العربية وكتب الاستشراق التي ترجمت إلى العربية

 

Abdeljalil, M-A: بضع ملاحظات على أسلوب الالتفات في القرآن (‘Some observations on the style of exclamatory apostrophe in the Qur’ān’)

Abdeljalil, M-A :  دور محمد في تأليف القرآن (‘The role of Muhammad in the Composition of the Qur’ān’)

‘Abd al-Karim, Kh:  الجذور التاريخية للشريعة الإسلامية (‘The Historical Roots of Islamic Sharīʻa’) Cairo 2004.

‘Abd al-Rāziq, ‘Alī:  الإسلام وأصول الحكم Islam and the Foundations of Governance: an Investigation into the Caliphate and Government in Islam, Dar al-Hilal, 1925.

Aldeeb, S:  القرآن الكريم بالتسلسل التاريخي للنزول وفقا للأزهر Along with indications of variant readings, abrogated verses, Judaic and Christian sources, and linguistic problems. Centre de droit arabe et musulman, 2012.

Al-Isa, M: (هل كانت بداية الإسلام في بلاد الشام؟) تاريخ الاسلام المبكر (‘The History of Early Islam – Were the beginnings of Islam in Syria?’)

Badawi, E el-: البحث عن سياق القرآن التاريخي – نبذة عن الدراسات القرآنية الحديثة (‘In search of the historical context of the Qur’ān – a sample of modern Qur’ānic studies’). Al-Mashriq al-Raqamiyya, Vol 5, December 2014.

Bashear, S: -  نحو قراءة جديدة للرواية الإسلامية مقدمة في التاريخ الاخر Al-Quds, 1984.

Charfi, A:  الاسلام بين الرسالة والتاريخ (‘Islam between the Message and the History’), 2nd ed., Dār al-Ṭalīʽa, Beirut, 2008.

Crone, P:  تجارة مكة وظهور الاسلام (Arabic tr. of Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam ) Al-Mashrūʽ al-Qawmī lil-Tarjama, 2005.

Crone, P; Cook, M:   الهاجريون (Arabic tr. of Hagarism – The Making of the Islamic World )

Cuypers, M :  في نظم صورة المائدة - نظم آي القرآن في ضوء منهج التحليل البلاغي (‘On the composition of the Sūrat al-Mā’ida – the Composition of Qur’ānic Verses in the Light of Rhetorical Analysis Methodology’) Tr. of Le Festin, Une lecture de la sourate al-Mâ'ida by ‘A Sālih, Dār al-Mashriq, Beirut.

Djait, H: في السيرة النبوية -  الوحي والقرآن والنبوة (‘The Revelation, the Qur’ān and Prophecy’), On the Prophet’s Sīra – 1 - Dār al-Ṭalīʽa, Beirut, 1999.

Djait, H: تاريخية الدعوة المحمدية (‘The Historicity of Muhammad’s Call’), On the Prophet’s Sīra – 2 - Dār al-Ṭalīʽa, Beirut, 1999.

Djait, H: الفتنة جدلية الدين والسياسة في الاسلام المبكر (‘The Grand Sedition -  The Struggle between Faith and Politics in Early Islam’), 4th Ed., Dār al-Ṭalīʽa, Beirut, 2000.

Fawzi, I: تدوين السنة (‘The Documentation of Sunnah and Hadith’), Riad el-Rayyes, 2nd Ed. 1995.

Goldziher, I: تاريخ التطور العقدي والتشريعي في الدين الإسلامي (Arabic tr. of Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law); 2nd Ed. Dār al-Kutub al-Hadītha, Cairo, Baghdad,

Goldziher, I: مذاهب التفسير الإسلامي (Die Richtungen der islamischen Koranauslegung), Arabic tr. by Dr. Abd al-Halim al-Najjār, Cairo 1955.

Haddad, Y. D al-: نظم القرآن والكتاب - 1 - إعجاز القرآن (‘The Composition of the Qur’an and the Book – Part One – The Inimitability of the Qur’an’) Qur’ānic Studies, (3). Muhammadanism.org. September 2012.

Haddad, Y. D al- :  القرآن والكتاب - 1 - بيئة القرآن الكتابية (‘The Qur’an and the Book – 1 - The Clerical Milieu of the Qur’an’). Qur’ānic Studies (2), Muhammedanism.org. September 2010.

Hariri, A-M al-: قص ونبي - بحث في نشأة الإسلام (‘Priest and Prophet’ – A Study on the Origin of Islam’). 1979.

Hussein, T: في الأدب الجاهلي (‘On pre-Islamic Literature’) 3rd Ed. Faruq, Cairo, 1933.

Hussein, T:  في الشعر الجاهلي (‘On pre-Islamic Poetry’) Dar al-Nadwa.

Hussein, T: الفتنة الكبرى (I - ‘The Grand Riot’ - ‘Uthmān’) Dār al-Maʽārif bi-Misr.

Hussein, T: الفتنة الكبرى -(II  علي وبنوه ‘Alī and his Sons’) Dār al-Maʽārif bi-Misr.

Ibn Abī Dā’ūd: كتاب المصاحف (Arabic text)

Ibn Ishāq:  السيرة النبوية (‘The Life of the Messenger of God’ - Arabic text) Ed. A. al-Muzīdī, Dār al-Kutub al-ʽIlmiyya, Beirut 2004.

Jablawi, A al-: الإسلام المبكر ، الاستشراق الأنجلوسكسوني الجديد , باتريسيا كرون ومايكل كوك نموذجا (‘Early Islam – New Anglo-Saxon Orientalism  - Patricia Crone and Michael Cook as an example’).  Al-Kamel Verlag, Köln, 2008.

Jeffery, A: بحثاً عن مُحَمَّدٍ التَّاريِخي (Arabic tr. of The Quest of the Historical Muhammad). The Muslim World, vol. 16: 327-48, 1926.

Kalbi, Hisham Ibn al-:  كتاب الأصنام (Arabic text) Ed. A. Basha, Dar al-Kutub, Cairo 1995.

Karmali, A, al-: اديان العرب و خرافاتهم (‘The Religions and Myths of the Arabs’), Al-Mu’assasat al-‘Arabiyya lil-Dirāsāt wal-Nashr, Beirut 2005.

Luxenberg, C: قراءة آرامية سريانية للقرآن - مساهمة في تفسير لغة القرآن (Arabic summary of The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Qur’ān by Ralf Ghadban).

Muhammad, Y: مشكلة الحديث Mu’assasat al-Intishar al-Arabi, Beirut 2007.

Nōldeke, T:  تاريخ القرآن (Arabic tr. of History of the Qur’an) Dār Nashr George Alms, Zurich, New York, 2000.

Qemany, S, el-: حروب دولة الرسول - الجزء الاول (‘The Wars of the Prophet’s State’) حروب دولة الرسول - الجزء الثاني Maktabat Madbouli al-Saghir, 2nd ed. Cairo 1996.

Schacht, J:  اصول الفقه (Arabic tr. of The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence ) Dār al-Kutub al-Lubnānī, Beirut, 1981.

Sell, C: تدوين القرآن (Arabic tr. of Recensions of the Qur’ān )

Shahid, I: روما والعرب, مقدمة في دراسة العلاقات بين بيزنطة والعرب (‘Rome and the Arabs – an Introduction to the Relations between Byzantium and the Arabs’) Tr.by Q. M Suwaydān. Dār Kīwān, Damascus.

Smyth, J: مكة في جغرافية القرآن (Arabic translation of The Mecca Question: A Review of Section 6 of Qur’anic Geography: (a survey of the geographical references in the Qur’an).

Suyūtī, J. al-: الاتقان في علوم القرآن (Arabic text) Islamicbook, 2010.

Tabari, al- تاريخ الطبري (‘Al-Tabarī’s History’ - Arabic text) (NB - very large file: 62 MB)

Watt, W M: محمد في مكة (Arabic tr. of Muhammad at Mecca) Tr. Dr. A. al-Shaykh, Cairo 1994.

Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

Jallad, A al-: Graeco-Arabica I: the southern Levant. In Le contexte de naissance de l’écriture arabe. Écrit et écritures araméennes et arabes au 1er  millénaire après J.-C., Actes du colloque international du projet ANR Syrab, edited by F. Briquel-Chatonnet, M. Debié, and L. Nehmé. Louvain: Peeters (Orientalia Lovaniensa Analecta)

Jallad, A al –: The earliest stages of Arabic and its linguistic classification in Routledge Handbook of Arabic Linguistics.