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Babikir Faysal Babikir

In the immediate aftermath of the 9/11 attacks against America carried out by Al Qaeda many American experts, decision-making circles and centres of research stressed the need to review ‘educational programs’ in the Middle East which they saw as one of the principal drivers of the human bomb factories that blew up the Twin Trade Towers and destroyed part of the Pentagon.


Tarek Heggy

[WITH EDITORIAL CORRECTION] There continues to be confusion about the events of June 30th 2013, when thirty three million [*] Egyptians spilled onto the squares and streets of Egyptian cities demanding the removal of President Morsi. Media commentary has tended to focus on matters of legitimacy concerning the latest aspect of the crisis – the cancellation of the results of the ballot box that had taken place 12 months before, and the suppression of the Muslim Brotherhood – without at the same time providing a fuller analysis of the events – no less touching on legitimacy – that led up to this momentous occurrence.


Wael Farouq

Whether we like it or not, we live and practice modernity, because it is not just a collection of statements that one can accept or reject, or even select. Modernity is an essential part of our life that we practice in every moment; it shapes our relation with the surrounding world and the society we belong to. However, some people reject modernity – even though they practice it – till the point of rupture, whereas other people identify with it to the point that they see their heritage, and related historical context, as an obstacle to progress.[1]